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Social and welfare issues

Pensions at a Glance Asia/Pacific 2018

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Published on December 03, 2018

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Many of Asia’s retirement-income systems are ill prepared for the rapid population ageing that will occur over the next two decades. The demographic transition – to fewer babies and longer lives – took a century in Europe and North America. In Asia, this transition will often occur in a single generation. Asia’s pension systems need modernising urgently to ensure that they are financially sustainable and provide adequate retirement incomes. This report examines the retirement-income systems of 18 countries in the region. The report provides new data for comparing pension systems of different countries. It combines the OECD’s expertise in modelling pension entitlements with a network of national pension experts who provided detailed information at the country level, verified key results and provided feedback and input to improve the analysis.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword
Executive Summary
Design of pension systems4 chapters available
Architecture of national pension systems
Basic, targeted and minimum pensions
Mandatory earnings-related pensions
Retirement ages
Retirement-income indicators9 chapters available
Methodology and assumptions
Gross replacement rates
Net replacement rates
Gross pension wealth
Net pension wealth
Pension earnings link
Coverage
Life expectancy
Support ratio
Pensions at a Glance Asia/Pacific: Pension profiles11 chapters available
China
Hong Kong, China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
Sri Lanka
Thailand
Viet Nam
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