Labour markets, human capital and inequality

Less income inequality and more growth - Are they compatible?


Policy Notes   Graphs & tables   Working papers   Country Indicators 

Can both less income inequality and more growth be achieved? A recent OECD study sheds new light on the link between policies that boost growth and the distribution of income. It suggests that there are win-win policy options: raising human capital is key, various labour market reforms can help and taxation can be made more equitable and growth friendly. But there are also reforms that lead to a trade-off between growth and equity.

 Economics Department Policy Notes

Inequality in labour income - What are its drivers and how can it be reduced? Economics Department Policy Note No. 8

Income inequality and growth - The role of taxes and transfers, Economics Department Policy Note No. 9 

Inégalités de revenus et croissance : Le rôle des impôts et des transferts, Note de politique économique n° 9 du Département des Affaires économiques

Inequality outcomes & policy indicators: Country profiles


For each individual country, the country profile assembles three sets of indicators which are considered as most relevant and for which data are available for a majority of countries. The first set presents indicators on inequality outcomes, from individual labour earnings to household disposable income adjusted for in-kind public spending. The second set presents indicators on policies affecting labour income inequality. The third set presents tax and transfer policy indicators. Information on the definition of these indicators is available here.



    New Zealand












    Slovak Republic

    Czech Republic















    Germany   Netherlands   United Kingdom



  ‌  United States

 Economics Department Working Papers

 Less income inequality and more growth - Are they compatible?

Part 1. Mapping Income Inequality across the OECD (No. 924)
by Peter Hoeller, Isabelle Joumard, Mauro Pisu and Debbie Bloch

Part 2. The Distribution of Labour Income (No. 925)
by Isabell Koske, Jean-Marc Fournier and Isabelle Wanner

Part 3. Income Redistribution via Taxes and Transfers Across OECD Countries (No. 926)
by Isabelle Joumard, Mauro Pisu and Debbie Bloch

Part 4. Top Incomes (No. 927)
by Peter Hoeller

Part 5. Poverty in OECD Countries (No. 928)
by Mauro Pisu

Part 6. The Distribution of Wealth (No. 929)
by Kaja Bonesmo Fredriksen

Part 7. The Drivers of Labour Earnings Inequality – An Analysis Based on Conditional and Unconditional Quantile Regressions (No. 930)
by Jean-Marc Fournier and Isabell Koske

Part 8. The Drivers of Labour Income Inequality – A Review of the Recent Literature (No. 931)
by Rafal Kierzenkowski and Isabell Koske

 Additional Reading:  


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