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In this paper we document the impact of education levels on labour market outcomes from 1994 to 2010 using national household survey data.
In this paper we include measures of school quality in regressions determining the labour market premiums to education level.
Country Notes from OECD Economic Policy Reforms: Going for growth 2011 presenting OECD recommendations for structural reform priorities for individual countries.
Recent reforms will still be insufficient to cover increased pension costs in the future, despite increases in retirement ages in half of OECD countries, according to a new OECD report.
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This .xls file presents summary data for Brazil, China, India and South Africa, on: (1) Population, (2) Macroeconomic Trends, (3) Labour Market, (4) Wages and earnings, (5) LMPR (Labour Market Regulations and Policies), (6) Income and Inequality, (7) Poverty Rates and (8) Social Policies.
The conference aims to address the links between labour market outcomes and inequality in emerging economies and to consider which labour market and social policies can help governments in alleviating poverty and in promoting more inclusive societies.
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This note presents main issues on the role of growth and employment/unemployment developments in explaining recent income inequality trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa, and discusses the roles played by labour market and social policies in shaping and addressing these inequalities.
Greater integration into the world economy and important policy reforms have resulted in Brazil, China, India and South Africa becoming major actors in the globalisation process, with impressive results in terms of economic growth, social development and poverty reduction. But the benefits of stronger growth have not always been shared equally and income inequality has remained at very high levels.
The South African economy is recovering from the crisis. Nevertheless deep structural reforms are necessary. The already strong macroeconomic policy framework should be further strengthened to resist excessive real appreciation.
This paper uses the OECD’s Going for Growth framework, as well as other available evidence linking policies to economic performance, to identify key structural policy challenges in the BIICS for the years ahead.