Social and welfare issues

Data

Social spending

Latest data on social expenditure, which comprises cash benefits, direct in-kind provision of goods and services, and tax breaks with social purposes. Benefits may be targeted at low-income households, the elderly, disabled, sick, unemployed, or young persons.

Books

Society at a Glance: Asia Pacific 2014

Gains in education have helped narrow the gender gap in the labour market in Asia Pacific but many challenges remain.