OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Slovenia 2012



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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Slovenia

This is the first review of Slovenia's environmental performance. It analyses a range of national objectives and international commitments, and presents 36 recommendations on how performance could be improved. Progress in greening the economy is part of the assessment.

The OECD Environmental Performance Reviews provide independent assessments of countries’ progress in achieving their environmental policy objectives in order to help improve individual and collective environmental performance.

The Highlights (also in FrenchSlovenian) present the main OECD findings. Click here for the full Assessment & Recommendations, as endorsed by OECD countries.


Towards Green Growth

Slovenia experienced rapid economic growth throughout most of the 2000s, with GDP per capita converging with the OECD average. Even though environmental pressures were reduced towards the end of the 2000s, Slovenia will face a number of pressing environmental challenges as economic growth resumes. Issues reviewed include:

  • Socio-economic trends.
  • Strategic framework for sustainable development and green growth.
  • Integrating environment and fiscal policies.
  • Promoting environmental technologies, goods and services.


Implementation of environmental policies

Over the last ten years, Slovenia has established a comprehensive framework of environmental policies and strengthened its environmental institutions. It has also successfully transposed most of the EU environmental directives into the key national laws. The issues examined are:

  • Environmental policy and institutional framework.
  • Environmental legislation.
  • Environmental management at the local level.
  • Biodiversity and nature protection.
  • Water management.


International co-operation

The main focus of Slovenia's international environmental co-operation has been on co-operative activities with neighbouring countries, particularly those in the Balkan region with which it shares ecosystems and water catchments. It has a good record of honouring its commitments under the multilateral environmental agreements to which it is a party. The issues reviewed include:

  • The environmental dimension of foreign policy.
  • Regional and bilateral co operation.
  • Multilateral environmental agreements.
  • Trade and environment.
  • Official development assistance.


Climate change and air pollution

Slovenia has reduced its emissions of virtually all traditional air pollutants as well as those of particulate matter and heavy metals. While structural changes to Slovenia’s economy led to a drop in GHG emissions in the 1990s, performance in this area since 2000 has been uneven. The key air quality trends are examined, along with the main components of Slovenia's climate change policy including:

  • Air emissions and air quality.
  • The policy and institutional framework: climate change and air pollution.
  • Cross-sectoral policies and measures.
  • Policies and measures in the transport sector.
  • Agriculture and forestry.
  • Renewable energy and energy efficiency policies.
  • Climate change impacts and adaptation.


Waste management

Slovenia’s accession to the EU provided a strong impetus to strengthen the country’s waste management policies and practices. It also provided finance for upgrading and constructing waste management infrastructure. Issues analysed are:

  • Objectives, policies and institutions.
  • Resource productivity.
  • Waste generation.
  • Patterns and performance in environmentally sound management of waste.
  • Improving waste management infrastructure and cost-recovery.
  • Remediation of contaminated sites.


Access the full version of Environmental Performance Reviews: Slovenia 2012 by choosing from the following options:


For more information please contact Krzysztof Michalak or Shayne MacLachlan 



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