This working paper offers an evaluation of the performance of the inland ports of the Slovak Republic within the framework of the Danube Axis, an analysis of the impact of the ports on their territory and an assessment of policies in this field. It examines port performance over the last decades and identifies the principal factors that have contributed to it.
The transition to a greener economy supported by international environmental commitments and national policies will entail structural changes in consumption patterns and industry structures, resulting in a reallocation of resources in and between countries.
Raising efficiency in tax collection (notably VAT) is urgently needed, plans to unify the collection of tax and social security contributions should be implemented swiftly and drawing on EU funds needs to become more efficient.
Slovak, Excel, 1,115kb
Slovak translation of Health Working Paper No. 28: "Pharmaceutical Pricing and Reimbursement Policies in Sweden", by Pierre Moïse and Elizabeth Docteur.
Euro Area entry calls for more fiscal flexibility to absorb cyclical shocks that cannot be dealt with by the common monetary policy. At the same time fiscal consolidation must not be put at risk, especially given rising ageing related costs.
A characteristic feature of the Slovak housing market, and a consequence of the privatization programme initiated in the early 1990s, is the virtual absence of a private rental market.
As in other catch-up countries inflation is likely to stay high going forward due to nominal convergence in Slovakia.
Despite the recent enlargement of the EU, Central Europe faces sluggish growth prospects, unless labour-market policies are made more job-friendly, as discussed in this working paper.
English, , 389kb
This working paper sets out lessons from emerging markets for EU assession countries.