Reforming or eliminating inefficient support for the consumption or production of fossil fuels can contribute to achieving economic and fiscal objectives and helping to tackle environmental problems such as climate change. To further support reform efforts, OECD and IEA compile estimates of subsidies and other support measures for a large number of countries.
The estimates from the OECD and the IEA are based on two different approaches, which provide distinct but complementary information. For that reason, the two sets of data are not directly comparable and cannot be added. More...
Consult the data (Excel) and overview (pdf) with estimates of budgetary support and tax expenditures relating to fossil fuels in each OECD member country.
» Summary of the main findings from Inventory of Estimated Budgetary Support and Tax Expenditures For Fossil Fuels 2013
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» Background information on the context, methodology and caveats associated with the data:
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|Australia||Data | Overview: English||Japan||Data | Overview: English|
|Austria||Data | Overview: English Deutsch||Korea||Data | Overview: English|
|Belgium||Data | Overview: English Français||Luxembourg||Data | Overview: English|
|Canada||Data | Overview: English Français||Mexico||Data | Overview: English Español|
|Chile||Data | Overview: English Español||Netherlands||Data | Overview: English|
|Czech Republic||Data | Overview: English||New Zealand||Data | Overview: English|
|Denmark||Data | Overview: English||Norway||Data | Overview: English|
|Estonia||Data | Overview: English||Poland||Data | Overview: English Polski|
|Finland||Data | Overview: English||Portugal||Data | Overview: English|
|France||Data | Overview: English Français||Slovak Republic||Data | Overview: English|
|Germany||Data | Overview: English Deutsch||Slovenia||Data | Overview: English|
|Greece||Data | Overview: English||Spain||Data | Overview: English Español|
|Hungary||Data | Overview: English||Sweden||Data | Overview: English|
|Iceland||Overview: English||Switzerland||Data | Overview: English Français|
|Ireland||Data | Overview: English||Turkey||Data | Overview: English|
|Israel||Data | Overview: English||United Kingdom||Data | Overview: English|
|Italy||Data | Overview: English Italiano||United States||Data | Overview: English|
Inventory of Estimated Budgetary Support and Tax Expenditures for Fossil Fuels 2013
Quantitative estimates of support for the production or consumption of fossil fuels in OECD member economies, with a summary of each country's energy economy and support measures.
Each year the IEA undertakes a global survey to identify economies that artificially lower end-use prices for fossil fuels to below the full cost of supply. The estimates cover subsidies to fossil fuels consumed by end users and subsidies to fossil-fuel inputs to electric power generation.
Click on the image (left) or on this link to open an interactive map with estimates of oil, electricity, coal and natural gas consumption subsidies in 38 economies, for the years 2009 to 2011.
IEA data is taken from the annual publication World Energy Outlook
Click to read online edition
Joint report by IEA, OPEC, OECD and World Bank on fossil-fuel and other energy subsidies
This publication provides the first systematic statistics of effective tax rates – on a comparable basis - for each OECD country, together with ‘maps’ that illustrate graphically the wide variations in tax rates per unit of energy or per tonne of CO2 emissions.
A co-ordinated multilateral removal of fossil-fuel consumption subsidies over the 2013-2020 period would increase global trade volumes by 0.1% by 2020, according to this OECD paper. (Published as OECD Trade and Environment Working Paper 2011/05)
Mexico spent 1.7% of GDP on energy subsidies over 2005-09, including those for transport fuels and electricity use by households and farmers. This review recommends extending the use of environmentally related taxes and reforming environmentally harmful subsidies in order to tackle climate change and reduce inequality.
Phasing out energy subsidies (Chapter 5 of OECD Economic Surveys: Indonesia 2010)
The oil price hike in 2007-08 underlined the vulnerability of Indonesia’s energy subsidy policy to oil price volatility. Phasing out energy subsidies would benefit both the economy and the environment, says this report.