Restricted RPCA Meeting, Lomé, Togo, 2-4 March 2015

 

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Held from 2 to 4 March in Lomé, the Food Crisis Prevention Network (RPCA) finds that the overall situation in the region is stable, though there are pockets of food and nutrition insecurity in some areas, particularly because of civil insecurity and a decline in the purchasing power of vulnerable households, mostly in areas affected by the Ebola epidemic. By June-August, about 2.2 million people in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone could be in a situation of food and nutrition emergency if appropriate mitigation measures are not implemented. A deeper analysis of the food and nutrition situation in the region will be conducted during the next meeting of the system for the prevention of food crises (PREGEC) in April.‌‌ > summary of conclusions

 

 

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Objectives

Food and Nutrition situation

P‌resentations

Impact of the Ebola epidemic

The analysis of the Cadre Harmonisé which was conducted in February 2015 in the three Ebola-affected countries (Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone) revealed that about 2.2 million people will find themselves in a food and nutrition emergency situation by June-August 2015, if appropriate mitigation measures are not implemented. A deeper analysis of the food and nutrition situation in the region will be conducted during the next meeting of the system for the prevention of food crises (PREGEC) in April.‌‌

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Estimates of food insecure populations 

Country

Current situation

February-March 2015

Outlook

June-August 2015

Guinea Phase 2: 1 350 000 people (15%) Phase 2: 1 500 000 people (20%)
Phase 3 à 5: 275 000 people (5%) Phase 3 à 5: 395 000 people (5%)  
Liberia   Phase 2: 1 230 000 people (30%) Phase 2:  1 460 000 people (35%)
Phase 3 à 5: 190 000 peoples (5%) Phase 3 à 5: 720 000 people (15%)
Sierra Leone  Phase 2: 1 320 000 people (20%) Phase 2 : 1 690 000 people (25%)
Phase 3 à 5: 770 000 people (10%) Phase 3 à 5: 1 100 000 people (15%)
Total  Phase 2: 3 900 000 people Phase 2 : 4 650 000 people
Phase 3 à 5: 1 235 000 people Phase 3 à 5: 2 215 000 people
Source: Cadre harmonisé, regional analysis, Dakar, 22-25 February 2015

Presentations 

As regards the medium and long-term impact of the Ebola virus epidemic, the Network draws attention to the negative consequences on food security and resilience of populations. More particularly, these include:

  • Reluctance of farmers to return to their abandoned fields in the affected areas, as well as the loss of their production means
  • The time required for rebuilding livelihoods
  • Difficulties in implementing assistance programmes due to people's lack of confidence in the use of health and educational centres

Similarly, the movement restrictions associated with the general psychosis have made it difficult to collect data, ensure quality control and, above all, prepare rapid analysis for decisionmaking. This situation calls on the Network to invest more in the elaboration of innovative tools to develop capacity to deal with similar crises while capitalising on existing best practices.

RPCA recommendations

  • Implement appropriate measures to maintain and facilitate food trade flows, especially during the lean season
  • Support countries in building sustainable and properly resourced information systems, with the capacity to adequately provide information and analysis for the region’s Cadre Harmonisé tool
  • Formulate and implement structural rehabilitation and resilience (re-)building programmes for countries most affected by Ebola and their immediate neighbours
  • Support pastoralists to advance the strategic de-stocking of animals while preserving their reproductive capacity, and facilitate access to animal feed at affordable prices

In addition, the Network welcomes the actions already undertaken and urges the States and their inter-governmental organisations to pursue and step up efforts to totally eradicat the Ebola epidemic in the region. To that end, participants particularly welcomed the creation of the Ebola Regional Solidarity Fund by ECOWAS, UEMOA and their partners, as well as the implementation of a regional post-Ebola plan. The Network calls on the international community to support the region’s post-Ebola efforts.

Participants

Some 200 members of the Food Crisis Prevention Network (RPCA) took part in the restricted Network meeting, including representatives of Sahelian and West African governments, intergovernmental organisations, civil society and private sector organisations, technical and financial partners, regional and international development banks, etc. > image gallery

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