Some 120 RPCA members gathered in Paris to assess the 2013-14 agro-pastoral campaign and make recommendations to address localised food crises. Despite a total cereal production of 57 million tonnes, Network members expressed concern about the food and nutrition situation, especially that of vulnerable populations : 28 out of 345 areas examined within the Harmonised Framework are already categorised as “critical food insecure”; they are located in Chad, The Gambia, Mali, Niger and Senegal. About 4.9 million people are currently in immediate need of assistance. Their number could reach 8 million people between June and August if no appropriate actions are implemented. RPCA members also discussed terms of reference for the first external evaluation of the Charter for Food Crisis Prevention and Management. Within the RPCA, AGIR stakeholders took stock of the status of implementation of the AGIR national inclusive dialogues. > summary of conclusions
Food and nutritional situation
At the end of the 2013-14 agricultural campaign, cereal production in the Sahel and West Africa is 57.01 million tonnes. This is equivalent to the production seen in 2012-13, but it is 11% higher than the average of the last five years. For the Sahel, production is 19.596 million tonnes, which is equivalent to the average of the past five years but down 12% compared to production in 2012-13, when production was strong. For Gulf of Guinea countries, cereal production is estimated to be 37.414 million tonnes, which represents an increase of 8% compared to 2012-13 and a 17% increase compared to the average of the past five years. However, per capita production in the region is the same as the average of the past five years. The production of roots and tubers is 147.052 million tonnes, including 81.98 million tonnes of cassava, 59.306 million tonnes of yam, 4.905 million tonnes of taro and 861 000 tonnes of sweet potato. Increases in production were recorded for all these crops compared to the average of the last five years. The production of groundnut is 7.463 million tonnes. This represents an increase of 3% compared to the production seen in 2012-13 and an increase of 35% compared to the average of the past five years. However, decreases were recorded in The Gambia, Ghana and Senegal. Cowpea production is 8.562 million tonnes, an increase of 9% over both the previous year and the average of the last five years. > Final communiqué on the food and nutritonal situation
June -August 2014
In light of the current food and nutritional situation, the Network recommended the implementation of the following:
- i) mitigation plans for the benefit of people in need of emergency assistance to enhance access to food, livelihoods and nutrition;
- ii) measures for the monitoring, prevention and management of global acute malnutrition, especially in areas where the alert threshold of 10% is exceeded;
- iii) targeted actions to strengthen the livelihoods of vulnerable households, including support for agricultural and income-generating activities, social safety nets and community mechanisms for the prevention and management of disaster risks;
- iv) measures to strengthen access to livestock feed and veterinary services for agro-pastoralists and pastoralists in Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Senegal, and
- v) structural solutions to strengthen resilience through accelerating the formulation of ‘National Resilience Priorities’ (NRP-AGIR).
- Review the results of the 2013-14 agro-pastoral campaign, the food and nutritional status and propose measures to address any localised crises;
- Take stock of the status of implementation of the AGIR national inclusive dialogues and propose measures to accelerate the formulation of PRP-AGIR;
- Validate the terms of reference of the first external evaluation of the PREGEC Charter.
Progress made in the conduct of inclusive dialogues on national resilience priorities (PRP-AGIR) (French)
Among the high-level participants were:
- HE Mr Moussa Mahamat Aggrey, CILSS Co-ordinator Minister and Minister in charge of agriculture and irrigation, Chad
- HE Mr Mahama Zoungrana, Minister in charge of agriculture and food security, Burkina Faso
- HE Mr Ibrahim Hassane Mayaki, CEO NEPAD-Agency
- Lapodini Marc Atouga, ECOWAS Commissioner in charge of agriculture, environment and water resources
- Ibrahima Dieme, UEMOA Commissioner in charge of the Department on food security, mining and environment
- Djimé Adoum, CILSS Executive Secretary
- Mr Claus Sorensen, EU Director-General for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection, ECHO
- Mr Franklin Moore, USAID Deputy Assistant Administrator, Bureau for Africa
- Mr Robert Piper, UN Regional Humanitarian Co-ordinator for the Sahel
AGIR Senior Experts' Group Meeting (AGIR-SEG)
The working session of the Senior Experts’ Group (SEG) of the Global Alliance for Resilience (AGIR – Sahel and West Africa) reviewed the progress of the first group of seven countries that have begun the process of formulating their NRP-AGIR (Burkina Faso, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo). The participants also recommended the strengthening of co-ordination efforts at all levels. In addition, the Network members urged ECOWAS, UEMOA and CILSS to accelerate the development of a harmonised and consensual approach for the assessment of resilience as part of the effort to strengthen the Harmonised Framework (HF), which would be pursuant to the recommendation of the 29th annual meeting. While calling for the increased mobilisation of states to accelerate the NRP-AGIR process, members of the Network set a target date of the 30th annual meeting, in December, to take stock of the relevant achievements. On this occasion, the Network intends to invite Horn of Africa leaders to share their experiences and lessons learned as stakeholders in the ‘SHARE’ initiative.
Meeting in a working session, members of the AGIR Co-ordination Platform of Technical and Financial Partners (PTFP) welcomed the progress made by the first group of countries in the formulation of NRP-AGIR. Confirming their long-term support and recognising the innovative, complex and ambitious nature of the initiative, they nevertheless underscored the need to quickly formulate NRP-AGIR via an inclusive dialogue at all levels of governance in order to maintain momentum, mobilise resources and initiate implementation with the support of technical and financial partners. To this end, they reiterated their commitment to supporting inclusive national dialogues and enhancing operationalisation at the request of governments, in terms of technical assistance, information and co-ordination of TFPs in the countries concerned. They will seek to strengthen their dialogue at the regional level, relying on existing co-ordination bodies, including the ECOWAP group. They will pursue political dialogue to develop synergies and complementarities between international initiatives related to resilience. Finally, they welcome West Africa’s plan to share experiences with the Horn of Africa. The initiative could draw on the expertise of the African Union, including the NEPAD Planning and Co-ordinating Agency.