Analysing the agricultural, food and nutritional situation, the Network confirms a generally good 2013-2014 agro-pastoral season, but with localised food and nutritional insecurity risks. The Sahel and West Africa cereal production is estimated at 57 million tonnes, up by 16% compared to the average of the past five years – rice production particularly increased significantly by 31%.
Despite the good supply of markets with the arrival of new crops, there are localised food and nutrition risks because of persistent high food prices compared to the last five-year average as well as risks that the situation of pastoralists and agro-pastoralists weakens due to localised forage deficits in perspective associated with an early drying of water points. The vulnerability analysis reveals that nearly 13 million people are food and nutrition insecure. Global acute malnutrition has affected nearly 4.5 million children under five years of age in 2013.
Faced with this situation, several recommendations were made, including the need to develop structural measures and response plans in favour of food and nutrition insecure populations, including flood victims as well as refugees and displaced persons. The Network also stressed the urgency of rebuilding national food stocks, as well as the need to strengthen the governance of States in agricultural statistical systems to better guide and inform food and nutrition policies.
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