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Global Alliance for Resilience (AGIR) - 
Sahel and West Africa

Launched in Ouagadougou in December 2012, AGIR is a global alliance to foster improved synergy, coherence and effectiveness of resilience initiatives in the region. The Alliance is placed under the political and technical leadership of ECOWAS, UEMOA and CILSS and it is based on existing platforms and networks, in particular the RPCA. Building on the “Zero Hunger” target within the next 20 years, the core approach of the Alliance is to channel the efforts of regional and international stakeholders towards a common results framework. A Regional Roadmap adopted in April 2013, specifies the objectives and main orientations of AGIR. One year after its launch, many countries have started defining "National Resilience Priorities". The next AGIR Senior Experts' Group meeting will be held on 18 December 2014 at the European Commission in Brussels. 

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Progress made in 2014 

The implementation of AGIR is now at a crossroads. Fourteen of the 17 countries have begun the process of formulating National Resilience Priorities (NRP). The Regional Roadmap adopted by all stakeholders in April 2013 is guiding their work. At this critical stage of the Alliance’s implementation,

Progress made in 2013

Among the major achievements was the finalisation of methodological tools for conducting national inclusive dialogue, which were validated at the regional workshop on 28-30 August 2013 in Cotonou, and the establishment of the AGIR Technical Unit. Stakeholders commended the SWAC Secretariat for providing a platform for dialogue, lobbying and advocacy for the Alliance.

AGIR - one year on...

Kristalina Georgieva, EU Commissioner in charge of International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response, speaking at the Sahel and West Africa Week 2013,

Abidjan, 25-29 November 2013

"Since we launched the Global Alliance for Resilience - Sahel and West Africa (AGIR) in Ouagadougou, we have gone a very long way in just one short year. First, we have now a number of countries developing their national action plans: what specifically they can do to make communities more resilient to recurrent shocks of droughts and floods; secondly, we have mobilised significant financial commitments from the European Union: 1.5 billion euros that are going to underpin the measures that countries identify; and third, we have very significant engagements not just from agriculture where we started on the issue of food security, but also from health and social affairs; from ministries but also from bottom-up community organisations. [...]" > full statement.

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About AGIR

AGIR flyer_en

Food security stakeholders have formed a consensus that humanitarian assistance must not be disassociated from efforts to combat the structural causes of poverty and endemic famine. The Alliance focuses greater attention on the most vulnerable populations with the goal of building their resilience and capacity to withstand crises and shocks. A large number of initiatives already apply the “resilience approach” and the Alliance aims to support and strengthen them. AGIR is thus not an additional initiative or a new opportunity to access finance – even though it might also channel additional resources towards resilience. It is a long-term political partnership to enhance the effectiveness of Sahelian and West African initiatives. During the December 2012 launch in Ouagadougou, Alliance stakeholders set a goal to eradicate hunger within the next 20 years. Under the political and technical leadership of ECOWAS, UEMOA and CILSS, the Alliance builds on existing discussion forums and networks, in particular within the framework of the Food Crisis Prevention Network (RPCA). The Roadmap provides a Regional Guidance Framework setting forth the overall objectives of the Alliance. It serves as the basis for formulating national resilience priorities, including operational frameworks for funding, implementation, monitoring and assessment.
> AGIR presentation flyer 

Origin

At the initiative of the European Union, ECOWAS, UEMOA and CILSS met with their international partners at a high-level consultation on 18 June 2012 in Brussels to discuss the root causes of recurrent food and nutritional crises which are weakening the livelihoods of the most vulnerable households. They agreed to join efforts and create a Global Alliance for Resilience (AGIR) - Sahel and West Africa. The Alliance aims to promote greater resilience among vulnerable populations by creating greater synergy between emergency actions and between long-term strategies aimed at addressing the root causes of food crises. In line with the principles of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness, the Alliance puts emphasis on donor co-ordination and the building of synergy in order to foster effective collective action for sustainable food and nutritional security. “In order to achieve the objectives set, “The relevant processes should be fully owned at regional level and anchored in the region”, concluded participants at the high-level meeting on 18 June.

Joint EC-West Africa Press Briefing by Kristalina Georgieva, Andris Piebalgs, EU Commissioner in charge of development, Cheikhe Hadjibou Soumaré, President of the UEMOA Commission and Braoussala Blamsia, CILSS Deputy Executive Secretary.

Welcoming and opening statements by Kristalina Georgieva, EU Commissioner in charge of International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response, High-level consultation meeting: "Addressing the emergency; investing in resilience", 18 June 2012

To implement this partnership, the Sahel and West Africa Club (SWAC/OECD) facilitated consultations amongst all stakeholders. On 6 December 2012, some 200 stakeholders gathered in Ouagadougou at the 28th RPCA Annual Meeting to seal the Alliance. They adopted a Joint Statement outlining the Alliance's objectives, principles and next steps.

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Resilience

AGIR is based on a shared definition of the term “resilience” as being:

“The capacity of vulnerable households, families, communities and systems to face uncertainty and the risk of shocks, to withstand and respond effectively to shocks, as well as to recover and adapt in a sustainable manner”.
 

This definition calls for concerted humanitarian and development efforts in order to increase the resilience of vulnerable households, families and communities and to break the cycle of recurrent food and nutritional crises. It addresses, by means of a unified approach, the causes of acute and chronic food and nutritional crises, while helping vulnerable households to increase their incomes, gain access to basic infrastructures and social services, and create wealth by sustainably strengthening their livelihoods.
This approach requires the concurrent implementation of long-term, structural programmes and short-term actions aimed at addressing the immediate needs of the most vulnerable populations. Long-term programmes include human capacity building at all levels, and support for communities in their efforts to build resilience through building/strengthening community governance, social service systems (water, education, health, etc.), community food storage systems and other infrastructures, community early warning and prevention mechanisms, etc.

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Objectives

The overall objective of the Alliance is to “Structurally reduce, in a sustainable manner, food and nutritional vulnerability by supporting the implementation of Sahelian and West African policies”. In the next 20 years, the Alliance aims to completely eradicate hunger and malnutrition (Objective “Zero Hunger”). In the shorter term, the Alliance aims to build resilience among the vulnerable communities and households in the Sahel and West Africa so that they are better able to resist shocks.

Specific Strategic Objectives
    1. Improve social protection for the most vulnerable households and communities in order to secure their livelihoods;
    2. Strengthen the nutrition of vulnerable households;
    3. Sustainably improve agricultural and food production, the incomes of vulnerable households and their access to food;
    4. Strengthen governance in food and nutritional security.

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    Target populations

    • Small-scale vulnerable agricultural households most often physically distant from or poorly connected to markets;
    • Agro-pastoralist and pastoralist households (including artisan fishermen) whose livestock and fisheries resources are continually threatened by recurring weather hazards;
    • Poor workers in the informal sector, both in rural and urban areas. This group is in large part composed of younger generations, facing unemployment or a precarious employment situation and, as a consequence, the risk of being targeted by criminal and terrorist group activities.

    In these three categories of households, the most vulnerable are children under the age of five, and particularly those under the age of two, pregnant women and breast-feeding mothers, as well as women-headed-households (WHH) and the elderly. 

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    Political Governance

    Based on West African leadership, AGIR comes under the joint political leadership of ECOWAS and UEMOA, promoting subsidiarity in the interest of efficiency, with UEMOA ensuring that actions are co-ordinated at the level of its eight member states and ECOWAS overseeing overall co-ordination. The two organisations will be enhancing and strengthening the role of CILSS, which serves as a technical agency for the implementation (design, monitoring, technical co-ordination at the national and regional levels) of activities within its area of expertise. Other regional organisations or technical bodies will be mobilised in their specific fields of competence (research, health, education, etc.).

    The ECOWAS Specialised Technical Ministerial Committee on Agriculture, Environment and Water Resources (CTS-AERE) and the UEMOA High-Level Committee on Food Security (CHN-SA) are the Alliance’s main regional decision-making bodies. The Sahel and West Africa Club (SWAC) platform will, via the RPCA, provide the common space for dialogue, debate, lobbying and advocacy for the Alliance on the international stage.

    AGIR governance 

    Senior Experts' Group (SEG)

    The Senior Experts' Group (SEG) brings together all AGIR stakeholders at least twice a year to define the main orientations and review progress made in the implementation of the Alliance. Its meetings are jointly organised by the Sahel and West Africa Club Secretariat (SWAC/OECD) and the CILSS Executive Secretariat, within the framework of the RPCA meetings

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    Technical Management

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    International Co-ordination - Platform of Technical and Financial Partners (PTFP)

    AGIR's international partners have established a co-ordination Platform of Technical and Financial Partners (PTFP/AGIR) whose goal is to sustain the political commitment of the technical and financial partners and facilitate continuous political interaction between the international community and Sahelian and West African policy makers. The Sahel and West Africa Club (SWAC/OECD) platform, via the RPCA, provides the common space for dialogue, debate, lobbying and advocacy for the Alliance on the international stage. > summary conclusions of PTFP meetings

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    Role of SWAC

    The platform of the Sahel and West Africa Club (SWAC/OECD), via the RPCA, provides the common space for dialogue, lobbying and advocacy for the Alliance at the international level. 

    The SWAC Secretariat has played a crucial role in the creation of the Alliance by pulling together the various food security stakeholders from the region and international scene and progressively building a shared understanding of resilience. These efforts led to the launch of AGIR in December 2012 in Ouagadougou.

    Since then, the SWAC Secretariat has supported consensus-building among the AGIR stakeholders leading to the approval of the Regional Roadmap in April 2013, - the Regional Guidance Framework which sets forth the overall objectives of the Alliance.

    The SWAC Secretariat continues to support the implementation of AGIR by facilitating the adoption of methodological tools for the conduct of national inclusive dialogue processes and the formulation of National Resilience Priorities (NRP). It also organises, together with CILSS, the AGIR Senior Experts' Group (SEG) meetings and provides permanent technical, logistic and communications support (presentation flyers, website, etc.).  

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    Contact

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    Countries list

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Albania
  3. Algeria
  4. Andorra
  5. Angola
  6. Anguilla
  7. Antigua and Barbuda
  8. Argentina
  9. Armenia
  10. Aruba
  11. Australia
  12. Austria
  13. Azerbaijan
  14. Bahamas
  15. Bahrain
  16. Bangladesh
  17. Barbados
  18. Belarus
  19. Belgium
  20. Belize
  21. Benin
  22. Bermuda
  23. Bhutan
  24. Bolivia
  25. Bosnia and Herzegovina
  26. Botswana
  27. Brazil
  28. Brunei Darussalam
  29. Bulgaria
  30. Burkina Faso
  31. Burundi
  32. Cambodia
  33. Cameroon
  34. Canada
  35. Cape Verde
  36. Cayman Islands
  37. Central African Republic
  38. Chad
  39. Chile
  40. China (People’s Republic of)
  41. Chinese Taipei
  42. Colombia
  43. Comoros
  44. Congo
  45. Cook Islands
  46. Costa Rica
  47. Croatia
  48. Cuba
  49. Cyprus
  50. Czech Republic
  51. Côte d'Ivoire
  52. Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  53. Democratic Republic of the Congo
  54. Denmark
  55. Djibouti
  56. Dominica
  57. Dominican Republic
  58. Ecuador
  59. Egypt
  60. El Salvador
  61. Equatorial Guinea
  62. Eritrea
  63. Estonia
  64. Ethiopia
  65. European Union
  66. Faeroe Islands
  67. Fiji
  68. Finland
  69. Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
  70. France
  71. French Guiana
  72. Gabon
  73. Gambia
  74. Georgia
  75. Germany
  76. Ghana
  77. Gibraltar
  78. Greece
  79. Greenland
  80. Grenada
  81. Guatemala
  82. Guernsey
  83. Guinea
  84. Guinea-Bissau
  85. Guyana
  86. Haiti
  87. Honduras
  88. Hong Kong, China
  89. Hungary
  90. Iceland
  91. India
  92. Indonesia
  93. Iraq
  94. Ireland
  95. Islamic Republic of Iran
  96. Isle of Man
  97. Israel
  98. Italy
  99. Jamaica
  100. Japan
  101. Jersey
  102. Jordan
  103. Kazakhstan
  104. Kenya
  105. Kiribati
  106. Korea
  107. Kuwait
  108. Kyrgyzstan
  109. Lao People's Democratic Republic
  110. Latvia
  111. Lebanon
  112. Lesotho
  113. Liberia
  114. Libya
  115. Liechtenstein
  116. Lithuania
  117. Luxembourg
  118. Macao (China)
  119. Madagascar
  120. Malawi
  121. Malaysia
  122. Maldives
  123. Mali
  124. Malta
  125. Marshall Islands
  126. Mauritania
  127. Mauritius
  128. Mayotte
  129. Mexico
  130. Micronesia (Federated States of)
  131. Moldova
  132. Monaco
  133. Mongolia
  134. Montenegro
  135. Montserrat
  136. Morocco
  137. Mozambique
  138. Myanmar
  139. Namibia
  140. Nauru
  141. Nepal
  142. Netherlands
  143. Netherlands Antilles
  144. New Zealand
  145. Nicaragua
  146. Niger
  147. Nigeria
  148. Niue
  149. Norway
  150. Oman
  151. Pakistan
  152. Palau
  153. Palestinian Administered Areas
  154. Panama
  155. Papua New Guinea
  156. Paraguay
  157. Peru
  158. Philippines
  159. Poland
  160. Portugal
  161. Puerto Rico
  162. Qatar
  163. Romania
  164. Russian Federation
  165. Rwanda
  166. Saint Helena
  167. Saint Kitts and Nevis
  168. Saint Lucia
  169. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  170. Samoa
  171. San Marino
  172. Sao Tome and Principe
  173. Saudi Arabia
  174. Senegal
  175. Serbia
  176. Serbia and Montenegro (pre-June 2006)
  177. Seychelles
  178. Sierra Leone
  179. Singapore
  180. Slovak Republic
  181. Slovenia
  182. Solomon Islands
  183. Somalia
  184. South Africa
  185. South Sudan
  186. Spain
  187. Sri Lanka
  188. Sudan
  189. Suriname
  190. Swaziland
  191. Sweden
  192. Switzerland
  193. Syrian Arab Republic
  194. Tajikistan
  195. Tanzania
  196. Thailand
  197. Timor-Leste
  198. Togo
  199. Tokelau
  200. Tonga
  201. Trinidad and Tobago
  202. Tunisia
  203. Turkey
  204. Turkmenistan
  205. Turks and Caicos Islands
  206. Tuvalu
  207. Uganda
  208. Ukraine
  209. United Arab Emirates
  210. United Kingdom
  211. United States
  212. United States Virgin Islands
  213. Uruguay
  214. Uzbekistan
  215. Vanuatu
  216. Venezuela
  217. Vietnam
  218. Virgin Islands (UK)
  219. Wallis and Futuna Islands
  220. Western Sahara
  221. Yemen
  222. Zambia
  223. Zimbabwe
  224. Topics list