Wednesday 2 July 2014

OECD Conference Centre

2 rue André Pascal, 75016 Paris, France


Download the booklet of the Forum

Download the summary record of the Forum


09:00 - 9:30 - PRESS CONFERENCE

Launch of the OECD Perspective on Global Development 2014: Boosting Productivity to Meet the Middle-Income Challenge



Welcoming remarks: Angel Gurría, Secretary-General, OECD

Keynote address: Jean-Marc Châtaigner, Deputy Director General of Global Affairs, Development and Partnerships, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs, France

10:00 - 12:00 -  SESSION 1: INNOVATION TO OVERCOME THE MIDDLE INCOME TRAP: Presentation of the 2014 OECD Perspectives on Global Development: Boosting Productivity to Meet the Middle-Income Challenge

The poor prospects for a number of middle-income economies to converge with average OECD income levels raise the question whether these countries are in the so-called "middle-income trap". While it is natural for growth to slow as economies mature, in many instances this slowdown has become severe enough to prevent continued development. The middle-income trap is characterised by a slowdown in growth due to difficulties of moving from a factor accumulation-based to an innovation-based growth path. On the other hand, the strong performance of several lower-income developing countries in Africa and Asia is a source of optimism. Examples exist, however, of countries that have stalled or regressed after an initial promising growth spell.

The central issue to address is then how can countries avoid growth decelerations or falling into low-growth traps. How can countries that are today "emerging" and moving up the income ladder maintain such promising trajectories? The answer will vary according to a broad range of country specific characteristics, but some similarities may emerge.


  • What is the evidence on growth decelerations and the middle-income trap?
  • What approaches and policies, including innovation, can help maintaining a converging growth trajectory and avoiding low-growth traps?
  • Have developing countries the appropriate innovation strategies in place?
  • Are the prevailing diagnostic tools appropriate to identify the binding structural bottlenecks to development? Is a new analytical and policy toolkit necessary? Should policy prescriptions based on those tools be revised?

Presentation of the reportCarl Dahlman, Head of Global Development Research, Development Centre, OECD


  • Isher Judge Ahluwalia, Chairperson, Board of Governors, the Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER), India
  • Amadou Ba, Minister of Economy and Finance, Senegal
  • Mario Cimoli, Director, Division of Production, Productivity and Management, United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN-ECLAC) | Social expenditure and productivity: a structuralist view on sustainability

Moderator: Mario Pezzini, Director, Development Centre, OECD


12:00 - 12:15 Presentation of the Commitment to Development Index

Owen Barder, Senior Fellow & Director for Europe, Center for Global Development

12:15 - 14:00 - BUFFET LUNCH



International cooperation has played an important role in tackling structural impediments to growth, supporting the development of productive capacities, the creation of productive employment and the integration of developing countries in the world economy. New actors and approaches have emerged, and there is increasing recognition of the importance of partnerships and of the catalytic role of development finance to achieve the common goal of more inclusive growth. All stakeholders, including partner counties, development cooperation agencies and the private sector are adapting approaches to the evolving development co-operation landscape. New modes of working together going beyond traditional north-south approaches are now in play. Broader and more inclusive policy dialogues around partner county owned policy frameworks and results based management are changing the ways that stakeholders interact. There is greater attention to what public-private cooperation can deliver and to make the most of ODA within a growing pool of financial resources for development.

Some issues to be addressed include: How can public-private co-operation support the contribution that innovation can make to more inclusive and sustainable growth? How can stakeholders better support developing country firms to engage in regional and global investment and trade and meet the challenges and opportunities arising from the increasing fragmentation of the production process into global value chains?  How can we increase the take up of existing R&D in agriculture to foster long term food security? And how can we connect up the diverse strands, complementarities and trade-offs in areas such as science, education, private sector development, trade, agriculture, etc.?


  • What is needed from developing country governments to catalyse the contributions of donors and the private sector in support of inclusive growth?
  • How is the private sector supporting these objectives and what does it need to strengthen that contribution?
  • As new approaches are emerging, which ones have worked successfully and what would be required to broaden their implementation?
  • How can donors, working more effectively with the private sector, support these objectives?


  • Dorothy Ng'ambi Tembo, Deputy Executive Director, International Trade Centre
  • Frank Matsaert, CEO, TradeMarkEastAfrica
  • Christiane Bögemann-Hegedorn, Deputy Director General, Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Germany
  • Owen Barder, Senior Fellow & Director for Europe, Center for Global Development | Supporting more inclusive growth: How are we doing?

Moderator: Shada Islam, Director of Policy, Friends of Europe 



There is a growing awareness that the benefits of growth do not automatically trickle down and the question of how policies – including innovation policies – can support inclusive development has become more pressing.

Innovation – which fosters competitiveness, productivity, and job creation – is central to boosting economic growth and addressing social challenges. But more needs to be done to better understand how innovation can contribute to inclusive development.  So far, innovation policies have been analysed essentially with regards to their impact on the growth of aggregate income. However, their impacts are unlikely to be “neutral” as they may affect individuals and groups in society to different extents (“social inclusiveness”). All businesses are not on an equal footing regarding innovation capacities and access to the corresponding benefits (“industrial inclusiveness”). Moreover, policies aimed at promoting innovation affect the geographic dimensions of industrial and social inequalities and underpin inequalities between urban and rural (“territorial inclusiveness”). As a result, it is important to consider the social, industrial and territorial implications of innovation policies as well.  Inclusiveness also relates to the democratisation of innovation, i.e. the expansion of the circle of individuals and firms that successfully engage in innovation.


  • How can innovation policies support developing countries’ quest for competitiveness without compromising industrial, social and territorial inclusiveness?
  • How can inclusive innovation initiatives be expanded to improve welfare and facilitate the democratisation of innovation? What policies can help the knowledge and benefits generated by “islands of excellence” trickle down to the rest of society?
  • What are some concrete policy solutions to support countries in reconciling their innovation and inclusive development agendas? What are the major trade-offs that may be encountered and what tools can help policymakers find the best solution for their particular context? What are some examples of successful institutional arrangements that can make this “win-win” approach happen?


  • Ramesh Mashelkar, Chairman of the National Innovation Foundation of India, President of the Global Research Alliance, India
  • Carl Dahlman, Head of Global Development Research, Development Centre, OECD | Innovation Policy For Inclusive Development
  • Yu Shi, Senior Economist and Deputy Coordinator, Ministry of Science and Technology, China
  • Subathirai Sivakumaran, Team Lead for Impact Measurement, Knowledge and Capacity Building, Business Call to Action, UNDP

Moderator: Dirk Pilat, Deputy Director for Science, Technology and Industry, OECD