Carlos Alvarez

Deputy Director, OECD Development Centre


Carlos Alvarez has been Deputy Director of the Development Centre of the OECD since 2010. He has developed his professional career in the fields of competitiveness and innovation policies, holding positions of the highest responsibility in the Government of Chile. Among those positions, he has been Vice Minister of Economy (2004-2006) and Executive Vice-President of the National Economic Development Corporation – CORFO (2006-2010). Since 1990 he has served in several roles in the Chilean public sector, having played an important role in the design, implementation and management of the set of programs that exist today to support economic competitiveness.

Mr. Alvarez has also held the post of Professor of Public Management and Strategic Planning at the Universidad de Chile, publishing several articles on public policies to foster economic development (ECLAC), Information Technologies (World Economic Forum) and institutional design. In 1995 he obtained the Joint Japan/World Bank Graduate Scholarship (JJ/WBGSP).

Mr. Alvarez received his degree in Industrial Engineer from the University of Chile and holds a MSc in Economic Engineering from the same University (1990). He also obtained his Master's in Public Administration from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University (1995).





François Bourguignon

Director, Paris School of Economics


François Bourguignon is the Director of the Paris School of Economics. In 2007, after four years as the Chief Economist and first Vice President of the World Bank in Washington, he returned to France and to his former position of Professor of Economics at the EHESS (School of Higher Studies in Social Sciences). His work is both theoretical and empirical and principally aims at the distribution and the redistribution of revenue in developing and developed countries.


He has taught at several Universities worldwide and has received, during the course of his career, a number of scientific distinctions. thanks to his experience, he is often sought for counsel to governments and international organisations throughout the world.


Mr. Bourguignon has authored and edited several books as well as numerous articles in leading international journals in economics. He obtained a PhD in Economics from the University of Western Ontario and a State Doctorate from the University of Orleans in France.





Sarah Cook

Director, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD)


Sarah Cook took up the position of Director of UNRISD in November 2009. She moved to UNRISD from the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) at the University of Sussex (UK), where she had been a Research Fellow since 1996. She also worked for the Ford Foundation as Programme Officer for Governance and Public Policy from 2000-05.

Her research has focused on the social and economic transformation of China, where she lived and worked for extended periods starting in the mid-1980s. Her research combines perspectives from her academic training in history, social policy and development economics, and has focused in particular on labour markets, employment and social welfare reforms in China. Sarah has also undertaken advisory and commissioned work for international organisations and donors including DFID, the World Bank, ADB, IDRC, and various UN agencies.

She received her PhD in Public Policy from Harvard University, a M.Sc. in Social Policy in Developing Countries from the London School of Economics and a B.A. in Modern History from Oxford University.



Owen Fairclough

Business Editor, France 24


Owen Fairclough is the morning Business Editor for France 24, producing and presenting three live shows. He is a journalist with 13 years of experience in print and television news. Mr. Fairclough has worked for the Press Association - the UK’s national newswire - as well as ITV and the BBC before moving to France 24 in Paris. Owen has covered some of the biggest news stories of recent years, including the 2008 US Presidential election as well as the current Eurozone crisis.

His specialties include business, economics, consumer news, newswires and outside broadcasting.

He holds a NCTJ Postgraduate Diploma in Newspaper Journalism and Media Law from the University of Central Lancashire (1998) and a B.A. in French and History from the University of Wales (1997).





Alan Hirsch

Deputy Director General, Economic Policy, Department of Monitoring and Evaluation, Presidency of South Africa


Alan Hirsch is Deputy Director General in the Presidency of South Africa in charge of Economic Policy. He currently monitors and evaluates economic policy implementation, represents the Presidency at the G20, and is co-chair of the G20 Development Working Group. He is also a country director for the International Growth Centre and a member of several boards, including, until recently, the Denel group board and the board of Trade and Industry Policy Strategies.

He joined the Department of Trade and Industry in 1995, and occupied several senior positions there until 2002 when he joined the Policy Unit in the Presidency as Chief Economist. He led the negotiation team for South Africa for its first World Bank loan in 1998, and led the first negotiations with the EU for a trade and development agreement, starting in 1994.

Mr. Hirsch was educated in South Africa and the US, with degrees in Economics, Economic History and History at UCT, Wits and Columbia. He also studied at Georgetown University and was a visiting scholar at Harvard Business School. He has been published widely on trade and industrial policy issues.



Wim Kok

Former Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1994-2002) and President of Club de Madrid


Wim Kok was Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 1994 to 2002 and is currently President of the Club de Madrid. Since his retirement from active political life, he has taken a number of board positions in both listed companies and non-profit institutions.

In 2004, he advised the European Union on revitalising its growth and employment strategy by chairing the High Level Group on the Lisbon Strategy. Prior to this, he served as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance (1986-1994) and was advisor to the President of the European Commission (1985-1986). Wim Kok became both a member of the Lower House of Parliament and the leader of the Labour Party (PvdA) in 1986. He has also been Deputy Chairman of the Socioeconomic Council (SER) and Chairman of the employees’ representatives in the Labour Foundation.

Mr. Kok completed his studies at the Nijenrode Business School in the Netherlands (1958). He is the recipient of an Honorary degree from the Nyenrode University, Breukelen (Netherlands) and an Honorary degree from the Westfälische Wilhelms Universität, Münster (Germany).



Ricardo Lagos

Former President of Chile (2000–06) and Former President of the Club de Madrid


Ricardo Lagos Escobar served as president of Chile from 2000 to 2006. He founded the Fundación Democracia y Desarrollo (Foundation for Democracy and Development) in 2006 and serves as its president today.

He became Minister of Public Works (1994-1998) and in this position created an innovative system of road projects involving the participation of the private sector. President Lagos was also appointed Minister of Education (1992-1993) where he initiated educational reform intended to decentralize Chile’s educational system. From 1983 to 1984 he was President of the Alianza Demócrata (AD), a political force comprising the majority of democratic parties opposed to General Augusto Pinochet’s regime.


Following the latter’s coup d’état in September of 1973, Ricardo Lagos was forced to move to Argentina and later to the United States, where he returned to become an economist for the United Nations’ Regional Employment Program for Latin America and the Caribbean (1978-1984).

He holds a degree in Law from the University of Chile (1960) and a PhD in Economics from Duke University in North Carolina, USA (1966).



António Mascarenhas Monteiro

Former President of Cape Verde (1991-2001) and Member of Club de Madrid


António Mascarenhas Monteiro became the first democratically elected President of the Republic of Cape Verde in 1991 and was re-elected in 1996. Since leaving office, he has notably participated as Chairman of the Contact Group of Organization of African Unity (OAU) sent to Madagascar to mediate the conflict that broke out following the Presidential elections of 2001.

From 1994 to 1997 he served as President of the Inter-State Committee for Struggle Against Drought in Sahel (CILSS). President Mascarenhas Monteiro served as Secretary-General of the Peoples National Assembly of Cape Verde from 1977 to 1980 and as President of the Supreme Court of Justice from 1980 to 1990. He also participated in many international Cape Verdean Delegations, including the OAU Conference to draft the African Charter on Human Rights.

He holds a Degree in Law from the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium and is the recipient of Doctorates Honoris Causa from Rhode Island University and the Law School of Coimbra University. He holds many awards and distinctions, including the Grande Colar da Ordem da Liberdade (Portugal) and the Grand Croix d‘Ordre National du Lion (Senegal).



Clem McCartney

Policy and Content Coordinator, The Shared Societies Project, Club de Madrid


Dr. Clem McCartney is an independent research consultant on conflict and community issues. He is an associate of the Berghof Foundation for Peace Support and also an associate of Conciliation Resources (CR) in London. He maintains an interest in his home area, Northern Ireland, and helps with the conflict resolution activities of Quaker Peace and Social Witness, especially
in South Asia.

His work with CR since 1997 as a consultant to their Comparative Learning Project has seen him provide ongoing support on many issues and regions; from Colombia to the Philippines, and even in their Caucasus Programme. In the latter, he has been a co-facilitator for the Schlaining dialogue process, jointly organized by CR and the Berghof Research Center for Constructive Conflict Management, between Georgian and Abkhaz politicians and civil society activists. His interests include how to create conditions for  negotiations, dialogue processes and the problems of implementing peace agreements, and conflicts during the post-settlement phase. Until 1992 he worked for the Center of Study of Conflict and has undertaken projects for INCORE at the University of Ulster.



Pier Carlo Padoan

Deputy Secretary-General and Chief Economist, OECD


Pier Carlo Padoan is Chief Economist and Deputy Secretary-General of the OECD. Prior to joining the OECD, he was Professor of Economics at the University La Sapienza of Rome and Director of the Fondazione Italianieuropei, a policy think-tank focusing on economic and social issues.

From 2001 to 2005 he was the Italian Executive Director at the International Monetary Fund, with additional experience and cometencies for Greece, Portugal, San Marino, Albania and Timor Leste. He served as a member of the Board and chaired a number of Board Committees. During his mandate at the IMF he was also in charge of European Coordination. From 1998 to 2001, Mr. Padoan served as Economic Adviser in charge of international economic policies to the Italian Prime Ministers Massimo D’Alema and Giuliano Amato. He was personally responsible for coordinating the Italian position in the Agenda 2000 negotiations for the EU budget, Lisbon Agenda bilateral meetings, and G8 Summits.

He has a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Rome and has held various academic positions in Italian and foreign universities, including at the University of Rome, College of Europe (Bruges), Université Libre de Bruxelles, University of Urbino, Universidad de La Plata and University of Tokyo.





Mario Pezzini

Director, OECD Development Centre


Mario Pezzini has been Director of the OECD Development Centre since July 2010. He joined the OECD in 1995 as Principal Administrator in charge of the work on Distressed Urban Areas. From 1996 to 1999 he was the Head of the OECD Rural Development Programme. From 1999 to 2006, he was Head of the Regional Competitiveness and Governance Division in the Public Governance and Territorial Directorate, promoting regional development, regional policy effectiveness and multi-level governance. He was Deputy Director of the Public Governance and Territorial Directorate from February 2007 to July 2010.

Before joining the Organisation, Mario Pezzini was Professor in Industrial Economics at the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris as well as in US and Italian Universities. On several occasions, he has been an economic advisor for international organisations and think tanks (such as ILO, UNIDO, European Commission and Nomisma in Italy) in the field of economic development, industrial organisation and regional economics, with a particular focus on policies for clusters and networks of small and medium-sized firms as well as on policies to enhance natural and cultural resources.





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