Conflicts of interest are a breeding ground for corruption, and there is growing consensus that detecting and managing conflict of interest are critical to curbing corruption. However, policy frameworks and tools to manage conflicts of interest effectively are still rare.
The members of the ADB/OECD Initiative have thus called for a technical seminar to discuss the legal and practical challenges in identifying and defining conflict of interest, the various prevention and enforcement frameworks and tools to address this phenomenon, and lessons learned from case studies from a diverse range of country and sector contexts.
The Seminar was hosted by the Government of Indonesia and held on 6-7 August 2007 in Jakarta.
The proceedings of the seminar are available here.
The presentations by experts during the seminar can also be downloaded from this page.
Session 1: Defining Conflict of Interest: General Legal and Institutional Frameworks and Good International Practices
The United Nations Convention Against Corruption: A Fundamental Tool to Prevent Conflict of Interest; Mr. Dimitri Vlassis, Chief, Crime Conventions Section, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
Conflict of Interest: A Historical and Comparative Perspective; Sir Tim Lankester, President, Corpus Christi College, Oxford University, United Kingdom
Regulating Conflict of Interest: The International Experience; Mr. Richard E. Messick, Senior Governance Specialist, Co-director Law and Justice Thematic Group, Public Sector Governance Poverty Reduction and Economic Management, The World Bank
Session 2: Establishing Frameworks for Conflict of Interest in Selected Countries and Jurisdictions
CANADA: Dealing with Conflict of Interest Issues in Canadian Government and Politics; Mr. Brian Radford,Legal Advisor, Public Sector Integrity Office, Canada
KOREA: Managing Conflict of Interest in Korea: Policies and Instruments; Mr. Gae Ok Park, Director, Policy Coordination Team, The Korea Independent Commission Against Corruption
PHILIPPINES: Asset Declaration in the Philippines; Mr. Pelagio Apostol, Deputy Ombudsman for Visayas, Office of the Ombudsman Visayas, Philippines
Session 3: Conflict of Interest Applications in Legislation and Practice in Indonesia
Conflict of Interest in Indonesia: From A Legalistic Approach to Effective Institutional Changes; Mr. Arief T. Surowidjojo, Lawyer, Indonesia
Discussant: Mr. Christianto Wibisono, Economist, Indonesia
Discussant: Ms. Eva K. Sundari,Member of Parliament (DPR), Indonesia
Session 4: Implementation and Enforcement: Laws and Instruments
Conflict of Interest: Tools for Implementation and Enforcement; Mr. Janos Bertok, Senior Governance Specialist, Innovation and Integrity Division, Directorate for Public Governance and Territorial Development, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Private Gain from Public Loss: How Thailand Copes with Corruption From Conflict of Interest; Dr. Medhi KrongKaew, Commissioner, National Counter Corruption Commission, Thailand
Managing Conflict of Interest in the Public Sector: The Hong Kong Experience; Mr. Samuel Hui, Assistant Director of Corruption Prevention, Independent Commission Against Corruption, Hong Kong, China
Session 5: Enforcement Mechanisms: Politics & the US Public Sector
Conflict of Interest: Enforcement in the United States; Mr. Peter J. Ainsworth, Deputy Chief for Litigation, Public Integrity Section, Criminal Division US Department of Justice
Tracking Corruption in the US: Conflict of Interest in Politics and Election Financing; Mr. Larry Makinson, Center for Responsive Politics, United States
Session 6: Codes of Conduct in the Public Sector
Codes of Conduct and Mechanisms to Prevent Conflicts of Interest in China; Mr. Song Dajun, Deputy Director General for Administrative Supervision and Inspection, Ministry of Supervision, People’s Republic of China
Preventing Conflict of Interest in the Australian Public Service; Mr. Mike Jones, Senior Executive Advisor, The Australian Public Service Commission
Session 7: Codes of Conduct in the Private Sector
Good Corporate Governance: Essential to Prevent Conflicts of Interest and Fraud: Pakistan's Experience; Mr. Asad Ali Shah, Partner, Deloitte M. Yousuf Adil Saleem & Co., Chartered Accountants, Pakistan
Compliance Enforcement: In a Multi-National Business Context; Mr. Hans-Josef Schill, President Director of PT Bayer Indonesia
Living the Business Ethics; Mr. Cliff Rees, Senior Partner, PriceWaterhouseCoopers