Science and technology policy

Workshop on Researcher Careers for the 21th Century, Madrid (Spain), 26-27 April 2006: Agenda and Presentations





Mercedes CABRERA CALVO-SOTELO, Minister of Education and Science, Spain.
Nobuo TANAKA, Director, OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry.
Salvador BARBERA, Secretary General for S&T Policy, Ministry of Education and Science, Spain.

Session 1: Research and Academic Careers in Universities and Public Research Organisations: National Models in OECD countries

What are the main models for researcher careers in OECD countries?  Are these models tending to converge towards a common model? If so, what is the influence of market forces? What is the influence of government regulations and working conditions in the public sector on researcher career outcomes in OECD countries? What role does mobility (geographic or sectoral) play in researcher career paths? What are the implications for researcher training policies?
Chair: Violeta DEMONTE, Director General for Research, Ministry of Education and Science, Spain.


Manuel HEITOR, Secretary of State for Science, Technology and Higher Education, Portugal - Fostering research careers through institutional building: learning from the Portuguese experience (pdf, 457Kb).


Ulrich TEICHLER, Professor, Centre for Research on Higher Education and Work and at the Department for Social Sciences of the University of Kassel, Germany - Research Careers in Europe (pdf, 1620Kb).


Peter HENDERSON, Director, Board on Higher Education and Workforce, National Research Council, United States – Research Careers in the United States (pdf, 55Kb).


Coffee Break.


Akira Horoiwa, National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP),
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), Japan – New Model of Career-Path for Researchers in Japan (pdf, 92Kb).


José Manuel FERNANDEZ-LABASTIDA, Vice-President of the CSIC, Research Careers at the Spanish CSIC (pdf, 618Kb).


General Discussion


Policy Round-Table Discussion


Chair: Joan COMELLA, General Director of FECYT, Spain.



 Dirk PILAT, Head of the Science and Technology Policy Division, OECD.
• Yoshinobu KITAO, Director, Knowledge Infrastructure Policy Division, S&T Policy Bureau, MEXT, Japan (pdf, 895Kb)
• Cees VIS, Senior Policy, Strategy and Policy Unit, DG-Research, European Commission.


Reception sponsored by the Ministry of Flanders, Science and Innovation Administration



Session 2: The Role of Tenure Systems and Flexible Employment Systems in the Development of Research Careers Today

What role does tenure or civil servant status play in the labour market for researchers? Does tenure limit researcher mobility or enhance it?  What are the effects on networking and research collaboration? Is the tenure system at odds with more flexible models of employment? Do limited opportunities for tenure force younger researchers (e.g. Post-Docs) to leave academic careers?
Chair: Andreu MAS COLELL, President of the European Economic Association.


Sandrine KERGROACH and Mario CERVANTES, Science and Technology Policy Division, OECD – Working Conditions and Attractiveness of Research Careers in Universities and Public Research Institutions in OECD countries: Results of a survey (pdf, 220Kb).


H. Lorne CARMICHAEL, Queen's University Kingston, Ontario, Canada – On the issue of Tenure in Academia (pdf, 46Kb).


Laura CRUZ-CASTRO, Spanish National Research Centre (CSIC) - Tenure and mobility in Spanish universities and public research centres: evidence from micro data (pdf, 1094Kb).


Coffee Break

11:00- 13:00

Perttu VARTIAINEN, Rector of Joensuu University, Finland – Research careers in Finland: problems of dual labour markets (pdf, 136Kb).


Sabine BEHRENBECK, Head of Unit, Apprenticeship, Studies and Scientific Trainees, BMBF, Germany – Junior Professorship: the German Way of Tenure Track (pdf, 22Kb).

General Discussion




Session 3: Diversification of Career paths for S&T Graduates: empirical evidence and policy strategies

Is there evidence that S&T graduates are choosing alternative or non-academic careers? Is this a positive development or not? Where are they going? What are the barriers or incentives for career diversification? Are there good government or institutional policies to promote multiple, alternative and non-linear career paths?  Can such policies improve the labour market integration of S&T graduates?
Chair: Dr. Shinichi YAMAMOTO, Director and Professor, Research Center for University Studies, University of Tsukuba, Japan.


Laudeline AURIOL, Economic Analysis and Statistics Division – Preliminary results of the OECD Careers of Doctorate Holders (CDH) Survey (pdf, 58Kb).


Mark REGETS, National Science Foundation, United States – Evidence of the diversification of research career paths in the US. (pdf, 625Kb)

Sylvie COURT, National Association for Technological Research (ANRT), France – Measures  to stimulate alternative career paths for PhDs in France (pdf, 93Kb).

José JIMENEZ, Director of Innovation Strategy, Telefónica R&D – What do companies need? Requirements from industry.
General Discussion


Coffee Break


Session 4: Policy Implications and Issues for Further Research

ChairPaul SMAGLIK, Editor, NatureJobs.

16:45- 18:30

Salvador BARBERA, Secretary General for S&T Policy, Ministry of Education and Science, Spain.


Peter HENDERSON, Director, Board on Higher Education and Workforce, National Research Council, United States.

Elena BASCONES, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich.

Andrew DEARING, Secretary General of the European Industrial Research Management Association (EIRMA).

Roland SCHNEIDER, Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD (TUAC).

General Discussion




Reception sponsored by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT).

SFRI Delegates should note that a regular meeting of the SFRI Working Group will be held on the following day, 28 April, 2006, at the same venue but in room E.


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