IPR and innovation
IPR regimes affect the diffusion of scientific knowledge, the innovation process and, ultimately, economic performance. The following are ongoing and recently completed activities on IPR and innovation undertaken under the aegis of the OECD Committee on Scientific and Technological Policy:
IPR, innovation and economic performance
The purpose of this activity, launched in late 2002, is to inform the policy debate on the development of IPR regimes that contribute more efficiently to innovation and economic performance. It consists of the following modules: new conditions for knowledge appropriation and diffusion; public research organisations and basic science; biotechnology; IPR for software and services; the impact of IPR on invention, diffusion and economic performance; and policy implications.
As part of the activity, a major conference was held on 28-29 August 2003 in Paris (see conference proceedings), a report was submitted to the meeting of the OECD Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy at Ministerial level in January 2004, a business survey on the perception of recent changes in patenting and licensing was administered in co-operation with the OECD’s Business and Industry Advisory Committee (BIAC), and a report of recent changes in patent regimes was prepared.
IPR issues in biotechnology
The Working Party on Biotechnology oversees a number of projects that involve IPRs. The focus of work is on achieving an efficient balance between protection of rights and access to genetic inventions, diagnosis and medicines, research tools and data.
IPR workshops to be held in China
In the framework of OECD activities with non-Member countries, DSTI is co-operating with the Chinese government authorities to organize two events related to IPR in April 2004. The general objective of these events is to share with China the OECD’s insight and experience related the increasing importance of IPR policies in promoting technological innovation and social and economic growth in a knowledge based economy.
Patenting and licensing at public research organisations
The report ‘Turning science into business’ released in 2003 presents the results of the first international survey on the patenting and licensing activities of public research organisation in OECD countries, which was undertaken in 2002 at the request of the OECD Committee on Scientific and Technological Policy.
Competition and co-operation in innovation
The 2001-2002 DSTI project Competition and Co-operation in Innovation resulted in an STI Working Paper and a chapter for the Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2002 that examined the effects of patenting and licensing on innovation patterns.