Working Papers


  • 16-April-2018

    English

    Trend analysis of science, technology and innovation policies for biotechnology, nanotechnology and converging technologies (BNCTs)

    This paper aims to analyse policies pertaining to nanotechnology and biotechnology over time with regard to their directionality and technology specificity. The analysis provides some evidence that technology-push policies are favoured for young technology fields, while application-pull policies tend to be applied to more mature fields.

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  • 3-April-2018

    English

    Open and inclusive collaboration in science: A framework

    Digitalisation is fundamentally changing science and this paper lays out some of the opportunities, risks and major policy challenges associated with these changes. More specifically, it lays out a conceptual framework for open science which aims to help different communities to decide on their own priorities within the open science space.

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  • 27-March-2018

    English

    Report on statistics and indicators of biotechnology and nanotechnology

    This paper provides a summary of trends and developments in biotechnology and nanotechnology over the last 20-25 years based on the longitudinal analyses of patents. It also introduces an experimental indicator which aims to visualise developments over time in each research area.

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  • 23-March-2018

    English

    Gene editing in an international context: Scientific, economic and social issues across sectors

    There is broad agreement that gene editing techniques go beyond incremental advances of past biotechnologies, but harnessing the potential will require meeting significant policy challenges in arenas of governance, ethics, and public engagement. This report summarises the discussions of a group of international experts and policymakers.

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  • 9-February-2018

    English

    A portrait of innovative start-ups across countries

    This paper presents new cross-country descriptive evidence on innovative start-ups and related venture capital investments drawing upon Crunchbase, a new dataset that is unprecedented in terms of scope and comprehensiveness. The analysis employs a mix of different statistical techniques.

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  • 18-January-2018

    English

    Revised proposal for the revision of the statistical definitions of biotechnology and nanotechnology

    This document revises the OECD's statistical definition of biotechnology, which had last been reviewed in 2008, and proposes the adoption of a statistical definition of nanotechnology in the same format.

  • 3-November-2017

    English

    Matching Crunchbase with patent data

    This paper describes a procedure to match companies and individuals listed in Crunchbase, a new database on innovative start-ups and companies, with patent applicants and inventors reported in PATSTAT, the worldwide intellectual property database maintained by the European Patent Office.

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  • 3-November-2017

    English

    Using Crunchbase for economic and managerial research

    This paper describes a new database on innovative start-ups and companies called Crunchbase, with a focus on its potential for economic and managerial research. It describes the contents of Crunchbase and reviews academic research that has used it. It further suggests that many more valuable avenues for economic and managerial research can be opened through the combination of Crunchbase and supplementary data sources.

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  • 16-October-2017

    English

    Frascati Manual R&D and the System of National Accounts

    This working paper looks at the Frascati Manual (FM) framework for R&D statistics and the System of National Accounts (SNA) framework of comprehensive economic accounts. It also highlights the various actions taken in the 2015 FM revision which respond to National Accounts data needs and thereby aims to provide a common platform for collaboration and dialogue between FM and SNA practitioners.

  • 25-April-2017

    English

    Inclusive Innovation Policies: Lessons from International Case Studies

    This paper analyses the role that inclusive innovation policies can play in tackling social, industrial and territorial inclusiveness challenges by drawing on 33 detailed policy examples from 15 countries. The paper discusses why these policies should be a priority, explores the specific challenges that arise in their implementation, and provides recommendations as to how the challenges can best be addressed.

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