This report explores the characteristics of nanotechnology as it relates to technology convergence i.e. actual instances of the convergence of different technology streams in the research and innovation environments within laboratories and companies. It examines four application areas in which nanotechnology plays a strong role (green packaging, food safety and security, pharmaceuticals and medical devices).
Specific interest in “converging technologies” and “technology convergence” has been growing in scientific, technological and policy circles since the beginning of the 2000s. This report focuses attention on specific instances of technology convergence and the opportunities and challenges they create.
Several OECD countries have published their plans for the development of a future bioeconomy, in which bio-based materials and production techniques will contribute significantly to economic and environmental sustainability. The case for support for bio-based chemicals and plastics therefore warrants serious attention.
This book provides a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of the Netherlands, focusing on the role of government and including concrete recommendations on how to improve policies that affect innovation and R&D performance.
The report presents the potential of new nanomaterials and highlights the remaining challenges for their safe and sustainable introduction in the tyre industry.
New nanomaterials offer promising avenues for future innovation, which can contribute towards the sustainability and resource efficiency of the tyre industry. Yet uncertainty over environmental health and safety (EHS) risks appears to be a main and continuous concern for the development of new nanomaterials in tyre production, even for those closest to market. Lack of sector-specific guidance represents a major gap.
This biannual publication provides a set of indicators that reflect the level and structure of the efforts undertaken by OECD member countries and seven non-member economies (Argentina, China, Romania, Russian Federation, Singapore, South Africa, Chinese Taipei) in the field of science and technology. These data include final or provisional results as well as forecasts established by government authorities. The indicators cover the resources devoted to research and development, patent families, technology balance of payments and international trade in R&D-intensive industries. Also presented are the underlying economic series used to calculate these indicators. Series are presented for a reference year and for the last six years for which data are available.
This review offers a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of Colombia, focusing on the role of government. It provides concrete recommendations on how to improve policies that affect innovation performance, including R&D policies and identifies good practices from which other countries can learn.
The Overall assessment and recommendations is also available in French and Spanish.
English, PDF, 432kb
France has a longstanding scientific and technical tradition, but to boost competitiveness and accelerate economic growth, it needs to fully exploit its innovation potential. This review highlights the need to encourage private-sector innovation, make public research institutions more accountable and channel more funds into the most promising R&D projects.
Synthetic biology is an emerging technology that shows promise for investigating some of the burning issues in biological research. It also has the potential to address some of the grand challenges facing society, such as climate change and energy security.