Reports


  • 3-February-2016

    English

    Main Science and Technology Indicators

    A timely set of indicators that reflect the level and structure of the efforts undertaken by OECD member countries and selected non-member economies in the field of science and technology.

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  • 22-January-2016

    English

    Approaches on nano grouping/ equivalence/ read-across concepts based on physical-chemical properties (gera-pc) for regulatory regimes

    This document presents information on current approaches to develop or use concepts of grouping, equivalence and read-across based on physical-chemical properties (GERA-PC) of nanomaterials for their human health and ecosystem hazard assessment in regulatory regimes.

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  • 22-January-2016

    English

    Physical-chemical parameters: measurements and methods relevant for the regulation of nanomaterials

    This document present the report of an expert meeting that aimed to identify the appropriate test methods for physical-chemical parameters for manufactured nanomaterials.

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  • 22-December-2015

    English

    Consensus Document on Compositional Considerations for New Varieties of Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)

    This document supplies basic information useful in risk/safety assessment of food and feed using new varieties of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris): background on this major legume which is grown and consumed worldwide, compositional considerations, key constituents (nutrients, anti-nutrients, and others). Constituents to be analysed are suggested. This publication is issued in the Novel Food and Feed Safety Series.

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  • 22-December-2015

    English

    Consensus Document on the Biology of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata)

    This publication is a tool for environmental safety assessment of COWPEA varieties. This grain legume is an important staple crop in (sub)tropical regions, in Africa mainly. It can be genetically-engineered for resistance to herbicides, pests or diseases. Biology elements useful to biosafety evaluation are detailed, e.g. taxonomy, cultivation, reproduction, genetics, hybridisation, ecology, common pests and pathogens.

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  • 22-December-2015

    English

    Consensus Document on the Biology of Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)

    This document is a tool for environmental safety assessment of COMMON BEAN varieties. This main legume for direct human consumption worldwide can be genetically-engineered for resistance to herbicides, insects and diseases. Biology elements useful to biosafety evaluation are detailed, e.g. taxonomy, closely-related species, geographic distribution, cultivation, reproduction, genetics, hybridisation, ecology, common pests and pathogens.

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  • 11-December-2015

    English

    The Future of Productivity

    This book addresses the rising productivity gap between the global frontier and other firms, and identifies a number of structural impediments constraining business start-ups, knowledge diffusion and resource allocation (such as barriers to up-scaling and relatively high rates of skill mismatch).

    Analysis based on micro and industry-level data highlights the importance of reallocation-friendly policies, including well-functioning product, labour and risk capital markets, efficient judicial systems, bankruptcy laws that do not excessively penalise failure, housing policies that do not unduly restrict labour mobility, and improvements in public funding and organisation of basic research which do not excessively favour applied vs basic research and incumbents vs young firms.

  • 1-December-2015

    English

    Open Educational Resources - A Catalyst for Innovation

    Education is the key to economic, social and environmental progress, and governments around the world are looking to improve their education systems. The future of education in the 21st century is not simply about reaching more people, but about improving the quality and diversity of educational opportunities. How to best organise and support teaching and learning requires imagination, creativity and innovation.
    Open educational resources (OER) are teaching, learning and research materials that make use of tools such as open licensing to permit their free reuse, continuous improvement and repurposing by others for educational purposes. The OER community has grown considerably over the past 10 years and the impact of OER on educational systems has become a pervasive element of educational policy
    This report aims to highlight state of the art developments and practices in OER, but also to demonstrate how OER can be a tool for innovation in teaching and learning.

  • 24-November-2015

    English

    Adapting Transport Policy to Climate Change - Carbon Valuation, Risk and Uncertainty

    Transport accounts for nearly a quarter of carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion. The price attached to these emissions is critical to climate policies and emissions mitigation efforts in the sector. As the impact of emissions on climate does not depend on where CO2 is released, the price of carbon should be uniform. In reality, however, it varies immensely, reflecting the complexity of assessing climate impacts.
    This report reviews the three key challenges in considering the effects of carbon dioxide emissions in economic appraisal: the valuation of carbon dioxide emissions, the treatment of uncertainty in climate change and the approach used to discounting future costs and benefits. The report reviews current approaches in selected countries (France, Germany, Japan, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States) and provides examples of good practice and recommendations for national and international policy making.

     

  • 19-October-2015

    English

    OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015 - Innovation for growth and society

    Science, technology and innovation foster competitiveness, productivity and growth. Over 200 indicators in the OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard show how OECD and major non-OECD economies are starting to move beyond the crisis, increasingly investing in the future.
    The charts and underlying data in the OECD STI Scoreboard 2015 are available for download and selected indicators contain additional data expanding the time and country coverage of the print edition.

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