This book examines the contributions that space technologies can make in tackling some of the serious problems posed by climate change. Focusing on examples of water management, marine resources and maritime transport, it sets out the rationale for further developing satellite systems to measure and monitor climate change and help mitigate its consequences. The report underlines the need to consider satellites not just as research and development systems, but as an important component of a critical communication- and information-based infrastructure for modern societies. The tool box for decision makers that concludes the book reviews different methodological options for deciding on investments in space-based earth observation.
Encouraging Student Interest in Science and Technology Studies examines overall trends in higher education enrolments and the evolution of S&T compared with other disciplines. The results suggest that although absolute numbers of S&T students have been rising as access to higher levels of education expands in OECD economies, the relative share of S&T students among the overall student population has been falling, The report shows that encouraging interest in S&T studies requires action to tackle a host of issues inside and outside the education system, ranging from teacher training and curriculum design to improving the image of S&T careers. Numerous examples of national initiatives are used to complement the analyses to derive a set of practical recommendations.
The STI Outlook uses the latest available data and indicators to review key trends in science, technology and innovation in OECD countries and a number of major non-member economies.
In November 2007 the Working Party on Biotechnology established a new Task Force on Biomedicine and Health Innovation. The Task Force was asked to develop a Synthesis Report of the main policy messages that emerged from OECD work related to innovation and health.
This publication assesses the current status of Hungary’s innovation system and policies, and identifies where and how the government should focus its efforts to improve the country's innovation capabilities.
Businesses are increasingly internationalising their innovation activities and working with external partners. This publication examines what drives companies to collaborate on R&D with international partners and how global networks fit into overall business strategies.
This publication discusses the dimensions, significance and policy implications of international flows of human resources in science and technology (HRST) and aims to extend understanding of the dimensions of HRST mobility, particularly of scientists, engineers and researchers.
This review assesses the current status of China’s national innovation system and policies, and recommends the most important improvements required in both the policy and institutional environments for China to succeed in promoting innovation through a market-based approach.
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This document provides a snapshot of the latest available internationally comparable data on patents. The indicators presented are specifically designed to reflect recent trends in inventive activities across a wide range of OECD member and non-member countries.
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This report contains findings emphasising the significant (and largely unrealised) potential of applying advanced mathematics to modern industrial problems. Mechanisms of proven efficacy are described, for implementation by universities, institutes, companies and government agencies.