Innovation is crucial to long-term economic growth, even more so in the aftermath of the financial and economic crisis. In this volume, the OECD and the World Bank jointly take stock of how globalisation is posing new challenges for innovation and growth in both developed and developing countries, and how countries are coping with them. The authors discuss options for policy initiatives that can foster technological innovation in the pursuit of faster and sustainable growth.
The various chapters highlight how the emergence of an integrated global market affects the impact of national innovation policy. What seemed like effective innovation strategies (e.g. policies designed to strengthen the R&D capacity of domestic firms) are no longer sufficient for effective catch-up. The more open and global nature of innovation makes innovation policies more difficult to design and implement at the national scale alone. These challenges are further complicated by new phenomena, such as global value chains and the fragmentation of production, the growing role of global corporations, and the ICT revolution. Where and why a global corporation chooses to anchor its production affects the playing field for OECD and developing economies alike.
Selected as a 2009 Notable Document by the American Library Association Government Documents Round Table.
This book reviews how the emergence of pharmacogenetics will impact the efficiency of pharmaceutical R&D and improve healthcare decision making and clinical care. It discusses what policies need to change in order for the public to reap the benefits from advances in diagnostic genetic testin
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The Database on Research into the Safety of Manufactured Nanomaterials (the Database) develops a global resource, which identifies research projects that address human health and environmental safety issues associated with manufactured nanomaterials.
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This report, Applications of Complexity: Science for Public Policy: New Tools for Finding Unanticipated Consequences and Unrealised Opportunities, is a product of the Global Science Forum.
This publication assesses the current status of Mexico's innovation system and policies, and identifies where and how the government should focus its efforts to improve the country’s innovation capabilities.
This publication assesses the current status of Korea’s innovation system and policies, and identifies where and how the government should focus its efforts to improve the country’s innovation capabilities.
This report assesses the current status of Korea’s innovation system and policies, and identifies where and how the government should focus its efforts to improve the country’s innovation capabilities. It finds that Korea has one of the highest rates of spending on R&D in the world, much of which is performed by private firms. It also has a highly educated labour force – as signalled by its impressive PISA performance and exceptionally high rates of tertiary level graduation – with a strong interest in science and technology.
However, a number of bottlenecks persist that hamper Korea’s economic convergence with the leading OECD economies. These include a relatively weak SME sector and weak performance in services, as well as lagging capacities to conduct leading-edge research in many areas. Furthermore, Korea faces numerous threats in the mid term, notably increased levels of competition from China and other newly-industrialising economies, the lowest fertility rate in the OECD and an ageing society, and a continuing high dependency on imports of natural resources, particularly hydrocarbons. In the shorter term, the economic crisis offers its own challenges, with the need for some policy adjustments to deal with expected falls in business investment in R&D and growing levels of unemployment among the highly skilled.
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This document is the report of the OECD Workshop on Exposure Assessment and Exposure Mitigation, which was held on 20 October 2008, in Frankfurt, Germany. This report includes a summary of the plenary presentations as w
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This document should be seen as a component of the overall work of the programme on the safety of manufactured nanomaterials, which is been developed by OECD’s WPMN.
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This report provides practical recommendations for facilitating an efficacious dialogue with society on scientific issues.