The OECD STI Outlook 2010 reviews trends in science, technology and innovation in OECD countries and major emerging economies. It also provides profiles of the science and innovation performance of each country.
This book examines the potential economic impacts of nanotechnology, how companies are using nanotechnology for innovation, and what the key challenges in its commercialisation might be.
This book takes stock of current thinking and practice around performance-based funding of public research in tertiary education institutions, as a tool to help governments meet their research goals.
The OECD biosafety consensus documents identify elements of scientific information used in the environmental safety and risk assessment of transgenic organisms which are common to OECD member countries.&a
This book shows how interaction within organisations, as well as individual and organisational learning and training, are important for innovation. It will interest policy makers in education, employment and innovation as well as business leaders and academics.
This new edition of the OECD Economic Globalisation Indicators presents a broad range of indicators on trade, foreign direct investment, the economic activity of multinational firms, and the internationalisation of technology.
Innovation drives long-term economic growth. This book examines the role of innovation in developing countries, with a focus on Africa.
This report is on how to support governments and industry in building a sustainable bio-based economy. The OECD Task Force on Industrial Biotechnology is considering the development of a set of recommendations in the area of Environmental and Economic Sustainability.
Well-timed and targeted innovation boosts productivity, increases economic growth and helps solve societal problems. But how can governments encourage more people to innovate more of the time? And how can government itself be more innovative?
The OECD Innovation Strategy provides a set of principles for fostering innovation in people (workers and consumers), in firms and in government. It takes an in-depth look at the scope of innovation and how it is changing, as well as where and how it is occurring. The result is the formulation of far-reaching policies for innovation using recent research and data.
For more information about the OECD Innovation Strategy, see www.oecd.org/innovation/strategy.
"a thoughtful new report on how governments can do better at spurring and measuring innovation." -The Economist
Measuring Innovation: A New Perspective presents new measures and new ways of looking at traditional indicators. It builds on 50 years of indicator development by OECD and goes beyond R&D to describe the broader context in which innovation occurs. It includes some experimental indicators that provide insight into new areas of policy interest. It highlights measurement gaps and proposes directions for advancing the measurement agenda.
This publication begins by describing innovation today. It looks at what is driving innovation in firms, and how the scientific and research landscape is being reconfigured by convergence, interdisciplinarity and the new geography of innovation hot spots. It presents broader measures of innovation, for example using new indicators of investment in intangible assets and trademarks.
Human capital is the basic input of innovation, and a series of indicators looks at how well education systems are contributing to the knowledge and research bases. Further series examine how firms transform skills and knowledge, and shed light on the different roles of public and private investment in fostering innovation and reaping its rewards, with concrete examples from major global challenges such as health and climate change.
Measuring Innovation is a major step towards evidence-based innovation policy making. It complements traditional “positioning”-type indicators with ones that show how innovation is, or could be, linked to policy. It also recognises that much more remains to be done, and points to the measurement challenges statisticians, researchers and policy makers alike need to address.