Reports


  • 5-January-2012

    English, , 1,306kb

    Effective Modelling of Urban Systems to Address the Challenges of Climate Change and Sustainability

    This Global Science Forum report and its annexed survey analysis identify the existing tools and strategies for urban modelling and their current limitations, and propose a series of policy recommendations aimed at improving the effectiveness and use of urban models.

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  • 5-January-2012

    English, , 807kb

    Facilitating International Co-operation in Non-Commercial Clinical Trials

    This policy report identifies the hurdles encountered by the clinical research community in setting up international clinical trials and proposes a series of policy recommendations aimed at overcoming main challenges.

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  • 22-December-2011

    English

    The Future of Families to 2030

    Since the 1960s the family in the OECD area has undergone significant transformation. In many countries, the extended family has all but disappeared, and the traditional two-parent family has become much less widespread as divorce rates, re-marriages, cohabitation, single parenthood and same-sex partnerships have all increased.  With rising migration, cultures and values have become more diverse, with some ethnic minorities evolving as parallel family cultures while others intermingle with mainstream cultures through mixed-race marriages. Families have seen more mothers take up work in the labour market, their adolescents spend longer and longer in education and training, and the elderly members of the family live longer and, increasingly, alone.  The repercussions of these changes on housing, pensions, health and long-term care, on labour markets, education and public finances, have been remarkable. Recent demographic projections perfromed by many OECD countries suggest that the next 20 years are likely to see a continuation and even acceleration of changes in household and family structures.  In particular, the numbers and shares of single-adult and single-parent households are expected to increase significantly, as is the number of couples without children.

    This report explores likely future changes in family and household structures in OECD countries; identifies what appear to be the main forces shaping the family landscape between now and 2030; discusses the longer-term challenges for policy arising from those expected changes; and on the basis of the three subsequent thematic chapters, suggests policy options for managing the challenges on a sustainable basis.  

  • 21-December-2011

    English

    Financing High-Growth Firms: The Role of Angel Investors

    This book covers seed stage financing for high-growth companies in OECD and non-OECD countries with a primary focus on angel investment. It provides an overview of angel financing, including a description of how it has evolved and policy interventions taken within some countries.

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  • 1-December-2011

    English

    OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Peru

    This book provides a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of Peru, focusing on the role of government. It provides concrete recommendations and identifies good practices on how to improve policies that affect innovation performance.

  • 10-November-2011

    English

    Report on Industrial Biotechnology and Climate Change: Opportunities and Challenges

    Carbon dioxide (CO2) has the second-largest direct contribution to the greenhouse effect of all gases. Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the burning of fossil fuels has contributed to the increase in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

  • 10-November-2011

    English

    Report on Policy Issues for the Development and Use of Biomarkers in Health

    This report describes the scientific, industrial, regulatory, and health care management system context in which biomarkers are being developed. It identifies some of the barriers which may impede biomarker research, discovery, development, commercialisation and, ultimately, uptake in clinics.

  • 14-October-2011

    English

    Business Innovation Policies: Selected Country Comparisons

    This study examines trends in and key features of policies and programmes used by governments to support innovation in the business sector.

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  • 3-October-2011

    English

    Future Prospects for Industrial Biotechnology

    This book examines international drivers, enabling technologies fast-tracking industrial biotechnology, industry trends, some products appearing on the market, industry structure and finance, and policy measures and trends. It examines separately biofuels, biobased chemicals and bioplastics.

  • 29-September-2011

    English

    Public Research Institutions: Mapping Sector Trends

    Public research institutions (PRIs) are crucial for innovation due to their role in knowledge creation and diffusion. This publication provides new information on PRIs and government strategies, showing how they have evolved.

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