As the internationally recognized methodology for collecting and using R&D statistics, the Frascati Manual is an essential tool for statisticians worldwide. It includes definitions of basic concepts, data collection guidelines, and classifications for compiling statistics.
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This Global Science Forum report and its annexed survey analysis identify the existing tools and strategies for urban modelling and their current limitations, and propose a series of policy recommendations aimed at improving the effectiveness and use of urban models.
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This policy report identifies the hurdles encountered by the clinical research community in setting up international clinical trials and proposes a series of policy recommendations aimed at overcoming main challenges.
This book covers seed stage financing for high-growth companies in OECD and non-OECD countries with a primary focus on angel investment. It provides an overview of angel financing, including a description of how it has evolved and policy interventions taken within some countries.
This book provides a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of Peru, focusing on the role of government. It provides concrete recommendations and identifies good practices on how to improve policies that affect innovation performance.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) has the second-largest direct contribution to the greenhouse effect of all gases. Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the burning of fossil fuels has contributed to the increase in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
This report describes the scientific, industrial, regulatory, and health care management system context in which biomarkers are being developed. It identifies some of the barriers which may impede biomarker research, discovery, development, commercialisation and, ultimately, uptake in clinics.
This study examines trends in and key features of policies and programmes used by governments to support innovation in the business sector.
This book examines international drivers, enabling technologies fast-tracking industrial biotechnology, industry trends, some products appearing on the market, industry structure and finance, and policy measures and trends. It examines separately biofuels, biobased chemicals and bioplastics.
Public research institutions (PRIs) are crucial for innovation due to their role in knowledge creation and diffusion. This publication provides new information on PRIs and government strategies, showing how they have evolved.