More than 35 million people worldwide had dementia in 2010 and this number is expected to exceed 115 million by 2050. This paper reports on the opportunities offered by the informatics revolution and big data to address Alzheimer’s Disease and dementia. This will require careful planning and multi-stakeholder collaboration as technical, administrative, regulatory, infrastructure and financial obstacles emerge.
This meeting aimed to discuss preliminary analyses and policy experiences and to set out future activities.
This document includes the conclusions and recommendations resulting from a workshop that addressed the ecotoxicology and environmental fate of manufactured nanomaterials, and in particular the applicability of existing OECD Test Guidelines (TG) related to these topics. A number of TG developments are underway at OECD as a follow-up to these recommendations.
This report presents new evidence on how governments steer and fund public research in higher education and public research institutions through research excellence initiatives (REIs). It provides information on how REIs work and institutions that host centres of excellence. The findings show some of the benefits to be gained through REIs and pitfalls to be avoided.
This OECD Review of Innovation Policy in Croatia offers a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of Croatia, focusing on the role of government. It suggests that EU integration opens a window of opportunity for strengthening Croatia's science, technology and innovation systems, and recommends that Croatia improve governance, rebalance the innovation mix and do more to foster business innovation.
This paper reviews demand-side innovation policies, their rationales and importance across countries, different approaches to their design, the challenges entailed in their implementation and evaluation, and good practices. Three main forms of demand-side policy are considered: innovation-oriented public procurement, innovation-oriented regulations, and standards, with emphasis on innovation-oriented public procurement.
English, PDF, 566kb
This report presents findings from a pilot survey of business activity in nanotechnology and discusses methodological and practical issues (e.g. the use of definitions) for on-going consideration in work on statistics and indicators for nanotechnology. It identifies how work in this area may support the assessment of other emerging technologies via an integrated framework.
English, PDF, 1,103kb
This report presents findings and analyses regarding formal status, governance, establishment, funding, access and other issues. It is the result of a survey of existing infrastructures, followed by discussions among infrastructure practitioners: researchers, facility administrators, officials of ministries and funding agencies.
An ageing population brings new challenges both to healthcare systems and to medicine in terms of the increased manifestation of specific diseases primarily seen in the elderly. Biomedical innovation, and in particular research into "omics technologies", offers the promise of new means of detection, prevention and treatment of age-related disabilities and diseases.
This publication addresses the role of national systems of IP in the socio-economic development of emerging countries, notably through their impact on innovation. It presents a framework that identifies the key mechanisms that enable IP systems to support emerging countries’ innovation and development objectives.