This report presents the findings of an OECD Workshop held in Berlin to establish the impact of patents and licensing on development and access to genetic technology. Few topics in the life sciences today provoke as much debate as the availability of patent protection on "genetic inventions".
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Nations and private companies, spurred by the need to accelerate innovation, are shaking up their approach to research and development. That's one of the conclusions in the OECD's 2002 Science, Technology and Industry Outlook.
This paper examines the impact of information and communications technologies (ICTs) on technical production efficiency in a wide range of Italian industries.
This paper seeks to improve understanding of the links between innovation and competition policy. It is intended to help countries identify ways in which they can design and implement policies that best promote innovation while protecting against anti-competitive behaviour.
This publication presents detailed data on the role played by multinationals in the OECD economies. Volume I, which is updated annually on SourceOECD, provides data for the manufacturing sector. Volume II, published here for the first time, presents data for services. Both volumes of the present edition also include for the first time data on the activity of affiliates of national firms abroad.
Using two waves of the Community Innovation Survey (CIS) for the Netherlands, this paper integrates recent lines of research to estimate the contribution of innovation to manufacturing multifactor productivity (MFP) growth.
This paper describes the methodology elaborated and used by Statistics Denmark to produce statistics on new enterprises, and also lists the indicators developed for measuring new enterprises.
The central aim of this paper is to report findings from an Australian study of the influence of firm dynamics on labour productivity growth during Australia’s productivity surge in the 1990s.
While patent data are now readily available for most nations, these data are still of minimal use for economic analysis. The OECD Technology Concordance (OTC) presented in this paper allows researchers to transform IPC-based patent data into patent counts by sector of the economy.
The objective of this workshop was to discuss aspects related to the nutritional assessment of novel foods and novel feeds. More specifically, participants reviewed and made recommendations in the following key areas: Nutritional assessment as a tool to substantiate nutritional/efficacy claims and establishing safety; The challenges in assessing the nutritional value of future products for which compensatory changes are expected to