This workshop will examine ways in which knowledge contributes to innovation, especially in developing countries.
This paper discusses actors and resources in China's science and innovation system, science & technology performance and general purpose technologies. It provided input to the OECD Review of China's Innovation Policy. An annex assesses international comparability of China's S&T indicators.
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The Nanoscale Materials Stewardship Program (NMSP) was developed to help provide a firmer scientific foundation for regulatory decisions by encouraging submission and development of information for nanoscale materials. The NMSP comprised two sub-programs, the Basic Program and the In-Depth Program. When the NMSP was initiated, EPA committed to issue this interim report after one year. The Agency welcomes comments on this interim
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This report is based on an examination of some 20 roadmaps. It focuses on the process through which they were prepared, and identifies key considerations and good practices that deserve the attention of anyone contemplating the undertaking of a new roadmapping exercise.
This paper presents different indicators using existing data on R&D investments, innovation survey data, patent data and data on licensing, illustrating the increasing importance and the different characteristics of open innovation across companies, industries and countries.
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Two-page brief presenting the OECD Innovation Strategy. Complete information on the project is available at www.oecd.org/innovation/strategy.
This working paper reflects an initial analysis using a pioneering new OECD database. It is among the first systematic attempts to analyse comparatively the distribution of innovative activity across OECD regions with a set of homogenous measures.
This book examines the contributions that space technologies can make in tackling some of the serious problems posed by climate change. Focusing on examples of water management, marine resources and maritime transport, it sets out the rationale for further developing satellite systems to measure and monitor climate change and help mitigate its consequences. The report underlines the need to consider satellites not just as research and development systems, but as an important component of a critical communication- and information-based infrastructure for modern societies. The tool box for decision makers that concludes the book reviews different methodological options for deciding on investments in space-based earth observation.
Encouraging Student Interest in Science and Technology Studies examines overall trends in higher education enrolments and the evolution of S&T compared with other disciplines. The results suggest that although absolute numbers of S&T students have been rising as access to higher levels of education expands in OECD economies, the relative share of S&T students among the overall student population has been falling, The report shows that encouraging interest in S&T studies requires action to tackle a host of issues inside and outside the education system, ranging from teacher training and curriculum design to improving the image of S&T careers. Numerous examples of national initiatives are used to complement the analyses to derive a set of practical recommendations.
The impact of biotechnologies on medical research is intensifying. Because of new highly performing technologies, we are better able to understand and explore disease and drug mechanisms, which in turn could lead to major changes in the approach of patient care.