Publications & Documents


  • 22-February-2016

    English

    Nanomaterials in Waste Streams - Current Knowledge on Risks and Impacts

    Nanotechnology is an emerging and promising field for advanced applications in industrial, commercial and medical sectors, and nanomaterials can be found today in sunscreens, deodorants and textiles. Yet these nanomaterials, which are increasing in number, are entering waste streams as part of end-of-life products along with conventional waste, without any real understanding of their environmental impacts or health risks on human beings and living organisms.

    This report provides a literature review on four specific waste treatment processes (recycling, incineration, landfilling and wastewater treatment). While state-of-the-art waste treatment facilities may collect, divert or eliminate nanomaterials from these waste streams, the report concludes that knowledge gaps associated with their final disposal remain, underlining the need for further research in this area.

  • 11-February-2016

    English

    Physical-Chemical Properties of Nanomaterials: Evaluation of Methods Applied in the OECD-WPMN Testing Programme

    This new document focuses on the evaluation of test methods applied to determine the physico-chemical properties of different types of nanomaterials.

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  • 5-February-2016

    English

    Consensus Documents for the Work on Harmonisation of Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology: Facilitating Harmonisation

    This document constitutes the report of a workshop which was held at the OECD with the purpose of both improving the general understanding of “New Plant Breeding Techniques ” (and products derived through them) and sharing experiences of the environmental risk/safety assessment of these products.

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  • 3-February-2016

    English

    Main Science and Technology Indicators

    A timely set of indicators that reflect the level and structure of the efforts undertaken by OECD member countries and selected non-member economies in the field of science and technology.

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  • 22-January-2016

    English

    Approaches on nano grouping/ equivalence/ read-across concepts based on physical-chemical properties (gera-pc) for regulatory regimes

    This document presents information on current approaches to develop or use concepts of grouping, equivalence and read-across based on physical-chemical properties (GERA-PC) of nanomaterials for their human health and ecosystem hazard assessment in regulatory regimes.

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  • 22-January-2016

    English

    Physical-chemical parameters: measurements and methods relevant for the regulation of nanomaterials

    This document present the report of an expert meeting that aimed to identify the appropriate test methods for physical-chemical parameters for manufactured nanomaterials.

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  • 22-December-2015

    English

    Consensus Document on Compositional Considerations for New Varieties of Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)

    This document supplies basic information useful in risk/safety assessment of food and feed using new varieties of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris): background on this major legume which is grown and consumed worldwide, compositional considerations, key constituents (nutrients, anti-nutrients, and others). Constituents to be analysed are suggested. This publication is issued in the Novel Food and Feed Safety Series.

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  • 22-December-2015

    English

    Consensus Document on the Biology of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata)

    This publication is a tool for environmental safety assessment of COWPEA varieties. This grain legume is an important staple crop in (sub)tropical regions, in Africa mainly. It can be genetically-engineered for resistance to herbicides, pests or diseases. Biology elements useful to biosafety evaluation are detailed, e.g. taxonomy, cultivation, reproduction, genetics, hybridisation, ecology, common pests and pathogens.

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  • 22-December-2015

    English

    Consensus Document on the Biology of Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)

    This document is a tool for environmental safety assessment of COMMON BEAN varieties. This main legume for direct human consumption worldwide can be genetically-engineered for resistance to herbicides, insects and diseases. Biology elements useful to biosafety evaluation are detailed, e.g. taxonomy, closely-related species, geographic distribution, cultivation, reproduction, genetics, hybridisation, ecology, common pests and pathogens.

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  • 11-December-2015

    English

    The Future of Productivity

    This book addresses the rising productivity gap between the global frontier and other firms, and identifies a number of structural impediments constraining business start-ups, knowledge diffusion and resource allocation (such as barriers to up-scaling and relatively high rates of skill mismatch).

    Analysis based on micro and industry-level data highlights the importance of reallocation-friendly policies, including well-functioning product, labour and risk capital markets, efficient judicial systems, bankruptcy laws that do not excessively penalise failure, housing policies that do not unduly restrict labour mobility, and improvements in public funding and organisation of basic research which do not excessively favour applied vs basic research and incumbents vs young firms.

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