Innovation drives long-term economic growth. This book examines the role of innovation in developing countries, with a focus on Africa.
This report is on how to support governments and industry in building a sustainable bio-based economy. The OECD Task Force on Industrial Biotechnology is considering the development of a set of recommendations in the area of Environmental and Economic Sustainability.
The main objectives of the panel were to launch the report from Montreal Workshop entitled “Towards the Development of OECD Best Practices for Assessing the Sustainability of Bio-based Products” and to communicate its main conclusions.
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The purpose of the OECD Biotechnology Update is to provide up-to-date information on the diverse activities at OECD related to biotechnology.
This document provides information on current/planned activities related to the safety of manufactured nanomaterials in OECD member and non-member countries that attended at the 7th meeting of OECD’s Working Party on Manufactured Nanomaterials (Paris France, 7-9 July 2010).
The objective of this document, Guidance Manual for the Testing of Manufactured Nanomaterials, is to assist sponsors in the development of Dossier Development Plans (DDPs).
Many governments are working to develop improved methods of distributing public funds for research, in order to raise research quality and support the development of research in strategically important areas.
The key goal of the current work is to identify further means (e.g. international guidelines, policy recommendations) to implement the 2004 OECD Science and Technology Ministers mandate on “Biotechnology for Sustainable Growth and Development” .
Well-timed and targeted innovation boosts productivity, increases economic growth and helps solve societal problems. But how can governments encourage more people to innovate more of the time? And how can government itself be more innovative?
The OECD Innovation Strategy provides a set of principles for fostering innovation in people (workers and consumers), in firms and in government. It takes an in-depth look at the scope of innovation and how it is changing, as well as where and how it is occurring. The result is the formulation of far-reaching policies for innovation using recent research and data.
For more information about the OECD Innovation Strategy, see www.oecd.org/innovation/strategy.
"a thoughtful new report on how governments can do better at spurring and measuring innovation." -The Economist
Measuring Innovation: A New Perspective presents new measures and new ways of looking at traditional indicators. It builds on 50 years of indicator development by OECD and goes beyond R&D to describe the broader context in which innovation occurs. It includes some experimental indicators that provide insight into new areas of policy interest. It highlights measurement gaps and proposes directions for advancing the measurement agenda.
This publication begins by describing innovation today. It looks at what is driving innovation in firms, and how the scientific and research landscape is being reconfigured by convergence, interdisciplinarity and the new geography of innovation hot spots. It presents broader measures of innovation, for example using new indicators of investment in intangible assets and trademarks.
Human capital is the basic input of innovation, and a series of indicators looks at how well education systems are contributing to the knowledge and research bases. Further series examine how firms transform skills and knowledge, and shed light on the different roles of public and private investment in fostering innovation and reaping its rewards, with concrete examples from major global challenges such as health and climate change.
Measuring Innovation is a major step towards evidence-based innovation policy making. It complements traditional “positioning”-type indicators with ones that show how innovation is, or could be, linked to policy. It also recognises that much more remains to be done, and points to the measurement challenges statisticians, researchers and policy makers alike need to address.