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  • 24-October-2019

    English

    Fostering Students' Creativity and Critical Thinking - What it Means in School

    Creativity and critical thinking are key skills for complex, globalised and increasingly digitalised economies and societies. While teachers and education policy makers consider creativity and critical thinking as important learning goals, it is still unclear to many what it means to develop these skills in a school setting. To make it more visible and tangible to practitioners, the OECD worked with networks of schools and teachers in 11 countries to develop and trial a set of pedagogical resources that exemplify what it means to teach, learn and make progress in creativity and critical thinking in primary and secondary education. Through a portfolio of rubrics and examples of lesson plans, teachers in the field gave feedback, implemented the proposed teaching strategies and documented their work. Instruments to monitor the effectiveness of the intervention in a validation study were also developed and tested, supplementing the insights on the effects of the intervention in the field provided by the team co-ordinators.What are the key elements of creativity and critical thinking? What pedagogical strategies and approaches can teachers adopt to foster them? How can school leaders support teachers' professional learning? To what extent did teachers participating in the project change their teaching methods? How can we know whether it works and for whom? These are some of the questions addressed in this book, which reports on the outputs and lessons of this international project.
  • 23-October-2019

    English

    Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, in Bogota, Colombia, 24-25 October 2019

    He will present the 2019 OECD Economic Survey of Colombia and deliver remarks at the International Conference Metrics that Make a Difference: Policy Uses of Well-being and Sustainable Development Indicators in Latin America and the Caribbean-LAC, co-organised by the OECD, UN ECLAC, the European Commission, DANE, DNP and the Universidad del Rosario.

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  • 22-October-2019

    English

    Oslo Manual 2018 - Guidelines for Collecting, Reporting and Using Data on Innovation, 4th Edition

    What is innovation and how should it be measured? Understanding the scale of innovation activities, the characteristics of innovative firms and the internal and systemic factors that can influence innovation is a prerequisite for the pursuit and analysis of policies aimed at fostering innovation. First published in 1992, the Oslo Manual is the international reference guide for collecting and using data on innovation. In this fourth edition, the manual has been updated to take into account a broader range of innovation-related phenomena as well as the experience gained from recent rounds of innovation surveys in OECD countries and partner economies and organisations.  
  • 17-October-2019

    English

    Governance of science and technology policies

    This report provides learnings from 13 case studies on governance mechanisms of national and supranational science, technology and innovation initiatives.

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  • 17-October-2019

    English

    Policy initiatives for health and the bioeconomy

    This document presents and compares 12 policy initiatives from OECD countries with a focus on policy objectives, target groups, sectoral priorities, budget, time horizon, selection criteria, international collaboration, and evaluation of the initiatives.

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  • 17-October-2019

    English

    Innovation support in the enterprise sector: Industry and SMEs

    This paper outlines major policy trends in public support of innovation activities in industry and SMEs across OECD countries. It discusses the policy mix to strengthen business R&D and innovation, and possible avenues to improve this mix in response to evolving needs, driven new trends in technology and other factors.

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  • 17-October-2019

    English

    Policy initiatives to enhance the impact of public research: Promoting excellence, transfer and co-creation

    Policies to boost the impact of public research can be classified into three broad categories. This paper illustrates the variety of options available within each type of policy, based on a review of 12 case studies across nine countries. The analysis looks at design options, budgets, implementation challenges, international scope, evaluation practices and lessons learnt from these policy initiatives.

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  • 17-October-2019

    English

    Innovation policies for sustainable development: Low-carbon energy and smart-city initiatives

    This paper benchmarks innovation policies for sustainability, focusing on low-carbon and environmental technologies and “smart-city” initiatives in selected OECD countries as well as the EU. It identifies critical success factors through a review of the policy portfolios of instruments, budgets, monitoring and evaluation strategies, and international co-operation strategies.

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  • 17-October-2019

    English

    Review of national policy initiatives in support of digital and AI-driven innovation

    This paper draws lessons from 12 national policy initiatives (four AI strategies and eight policy programmes) aimed at supporting breakthrough digital and AI-driven innovation and the application of those innovations by industry. Most of these initiatives actively involve multiple stakeholders from public research, industry and government, have mixed public-private funding models, and seek international co-operation on AI.

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  • 15-October-2019

    English

    Safety of novel foods and feeds and on the harmonisation of regulatory oversight in biotechnology

    A major fruit crop of temperate regions, APPLE is consumed worldwide as fresh fruit, juice and other food products. This consensus document provides science-based key insights for the regulatory assessment of the environmental safety of genetically-engineered products: taxonomy, reproductive biology, genetics, hybridisation and introgression, and ecology.

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