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This paper reviews the current academic thinking on knowledge transfer channels between universities and private industry, from a human resource perspective. It also offers a general framework for "re-organising" the literature, so as to identify gaps in understanding.
As the internationally recognized methodology for collecting and using R&D statistics, the Frascati Manual is an essential tool for statisticians worldwide. It includes definitions of basic concepts, data collection guidelines, and classifications for compiling statistics.
This forum explored topics such as regulatory considerations, skills and research support, intellectual property and community engagement. In addition, discussions will also focus on links between a ‘bioeconomy’ and synthetic biology.
The Forum will explore topics such as regulatory considerations, skills and research support, intellectual property and community engagement. In addition, discussions will also focus on links between a ‘bioeconomy’ and synthetic biology.
Increasingly, synthetic biology appears poised to transform a number of existing products and process and to create new renewable alternatives. It may radically impact many fields, from energy to health, and may even provide solutions to a number of climate and environmental problems.
This symposium will gather a group of prominent experts and policy makers from around the world to deliberate on various aspects of innovation policy and its link to economic growth, and to review country experiences.
English, , 483kb
This workshop aims to showcase good practices of radical and systemic eco-innovations and enhance understanding of the role that new business models can play, and will also draw lessons for industry and policy makers to accelerate the deployment and diffusion of promising environmental technologies and solutions. The workshop will also serve to establish a network of experts and innovators and identify potential future work for the
English, , 1,306kb
This Global Science Forum report and its annexed survey analysis identify the existing tools and strategies for urban modelling and their current limitations, and propose a series of policy recommendations aimed at improving the effectiveness and use of urban models.
English, , 807kb
This policy report identifies the hurdles encountered by the clinical research community in setting up international clinical trials and proposes a series of policy recommendations aimed at overcoming main challenges.
This study addresses issues of digital divide among households and individuals by using micro-data analysis of ICT usage patterns. The analysis includes data from 18 European countries, Korea and Canada. Inequalities in computer and Internet use are analysed in a two-step approach.