Main Science and Technology Indicators (MSTI) 2013/1
Last update: 16 July 2013
Direct link to the MSTI dataset in OECD.stat
Short address for this page: www.oecd.org/sti/msti
The latest OECD estimates on Gross Expenditures on R&D (GERD) confirm that the modest recovery initiated in 2010 continued into 2011.
For the whole OECD area, total R&D expenditures grew in real terms by 1.3% in 2010, mainly driven by the higher education and government sectors, while business R&D only increased by 0.6%.
OECD estimates indicate an overall real growth rate for GERD of 2.1% in 2011 driven by a gradual recovery in business R&D (2.8%) and sustained growth in research in the higher education sector (2.5%), despite a reduction in government R&D (-1.2%).
In the EU area, total GERD grew by 3.2% in 2011, driven by the business sector (4.2%), mainly Germany’s (6.4%). In contrast, US R&D fell by 0.5% in real terms, with growth in higher education offset by lower government and business R&D. After a 2.5% drop in 2010, US business R&D (BERD) declined by a further 0.4% in 2011.
GERD in China continued to growth at a rapid pace (14.1%), mainly driven by business R&D which in 2011 reached more than half the level of US BERD, and 81% of EU BERD.
The MSTI database provides a set of indicators that reflect the level and structure of the efforts undertaken by OECD Member countries and seven non-member economies (Argentina, China, Romania, Russian Federation, Singapore, South Africa, Chinese Taipei) in the field of science and technology from 1981 onwards. These data include final or provisional results as well as forecasts established by government authorities. The indicators cover the resources devoted to research and development, patent families, technology balance of payments and international trade in R&D-intensive industries.
Indicators on R&D expenditures, budgets and personnel are derived from the OECD’s Research and Development Statistics (RDS) database, which is based on the data reported to OECD and Eurostat in the framework of the joint OECD/Eurostat international data collection on resources devoted to R&D.
The sources for the other indicators include the OECD databases on Activities of Foreign Affiliates (AFA), on Bilateral Trade in Goods by Industry and End-use Category database (BTDIxE), on Patents and on Technological Balance of Payments (TBP).
Details of coverage
The electronic edition is available via the OECD’s data dissemination service. Once you are on OECD.stat, the MSTI excel file can be downloaded by clicking on “export” and then “related files”.
MSTI is combined with the OECD’s RDS (Research and Development Statistics) database in “OECD Science, Technology and R&D Statistics”. This product is available on the Online Bookshop and notably includes a CD-ROM (with both RDS and MSTI databases) and the paper edition of MSTI. The MSTI database is also available online at OECDiLibrary.
The OECD R&D and GBAORD Sources and Methods Databases, relating to series presented in Main Science and Technology Indicators and Research and Development Statistics are available at: http://webnet.oecd.org/rd_gbaord_metadata/default.aspx
- the OECD’s ANBERD (Analytical Business Enterprise Research and Development) database.