The OECD Working Party on Innovation and Technology Policy (TIP) has launched a project on Case Studies in Innovation that examines innovation patterns in different industry sectors and technology fields. Three case studies are under way:
The main objective of the project is to develop cross-country analytical work to improve the understanding of innovation process in specific technology fields and industry sectors. Results have drawn conclusions as regards the balance between horizontal innovation policies and more customised measures that take into account the specificities of innovation processes in selected technology fields or sectors.
The three case studies adopt the overall framework of National Innovation Systems and traced the processes of knowledge creation, diffusion and utilisation in each sector/technological field. They have also identified systemic factors that influence innovation patterns and the ability to capture the economic benefits of innovation. The case studies use a common core of statistical and qualitative information and address a common set of core issues:
i) the R&D funding and performance of the various institutions involved in fostering
innovation (e.g., government, universities, large firms, SMEs and start-ups);
ii) the patterns of co-operation among such institutions (e.g. public-private partnerships, industry-science linkages); and
iii) the framework conditions that affect innovation performance (e.g. intellectual property rights, competition, regulation, societal concerns, availability of human resources).
Nevertheless, each case study is investigating supplementary issues of relevance to the individual sectors/industries and/or to the participating countries. The relative emphasis placed on different elements of the innovation system also varies in accordance with the different roles they play in each technological field or industry sector.
Each case study is led by one or more lead countries that have taken primary responsibility for shaping the work plan and organised the work of other participants , who are expected to contribute national studies to the effort that conform with the overall work plan. In some case studies, contributors have agreed to provide the case study groups with results of ongoing efforts that are related to the subject of the case study, but differ in their scope or methodology.
For further information, please contact: Gernot Hutschenreiter (OECD/DSTI/STP).