As part of engaging a wider community of policy users and indicator developers, Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators in a Changing World: Responding to Policy Needs is a selection of the papers discussed at the OECD Blue Sky II Forum (Ottawa, Canada, 25-27 September 2006).
Policy needs, measurement issues, and some of the challenges in describing cross-cutting and emerging topics in science, technology and innovation (STI) are presented; ideas to exploit existing data and develop new frameworks of measurement are shared. The intent of the debate is to guide future development of STI indicators at the OECD and beyond.
As the world interconnects, science, technology and innovation policies cannot be seen as standing alone. There is a growing interest from central banks and Ministries of Finance in improving the understanding of how science, technology and innovation create value in the form of increased productivity and profits, and contribute to the valuation of enterprises, and ultimately stimulate the growth and competitiveness of economies. Making the findings of the Blue Sky Forum as widely accessible as possible extends the public policy discourse and emphasises the importance of STI indicators in that debate. This volume is intended to circulate widely within and beyond OECD member countries to raise awareness and to stimulate dialogue. It also provides a baseline against which progress can be measured.
Part 1. Introduction
Chapter 1. Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators: The Context of Change
by Fred Gault
Part 2. Policy Perspectives
Chapter 2. The Science of Science and Innovation Policy
by John Marburger
Chapter 3. Developments in EU Statistics on Science, Technology and Innovation: Taking Stock and Moving Closer to Evidence-based Policy Analysis
by Reinhilde Veugelers
Part 3. Innovation: Can Something New Be Measured?
Chapter 4. Innovation Survey Indicators: What Impact on Innovation Policy?
by Anthony Arundel
Chapter 5. Capturing Design: Lessons from the United Kingdom and Canada
by Tara Vinodrai, Meric S. Gertler and Ray Lambert
Chapter 6. Enriching the Indicator Base for the Economics of Knowledge
by Dominique Foray
Chapter 7. Towards Understanding the Impacts of Science, Technology and Innovation
by Heidi Ertl, Michael Bordt, Louise Earl, Anik Lacroix, Charlene Lonmo, Chuck McNiven, Susan Schaan, Mark Uhrbach, Bryan van Tol and Ben Veenhof
Part 4. The Changing Knowledge Landscape and the Need for New Metrics
Chapter 8. Democratizing Innovation: The Evolving Phenomenon of User Innovation
by Eric von Hippel
Chapter 9. How Innovative Are New Zealand Firms? Quantifying and Relating Organizational and Marketing Innovation to Traditional Science and Technology Indicators
by Richard Fabling
Chapter 10. University Research in an “Innovation Society”
by Richard W. Hawkins, Cooper H. Langford and Kiranpal S. Sidhu
Chapter 11. The International Mobility of Doctorate Holders: First Results and Methodological Advances
by Laudeline Auriol
Part 5. Measuring Cross-Cutting and Emerging STI Issues
Chapter 12. Biotechnology: From Measures of Activities, Linkages and Outcomes to Impact Indicators
by Antoine Rose and Chuck McNiven
Chapter 13. A Framework to Measure the Impacts of Investments in Health Research
by Alan Bernstein, Vern Hicks, Peggy Borbey, Terry Campbell, Laura McAuley and Ian D. Graham
Chapter 14. Science, Technology and Innovation for Sustainable Development: Towards a Conceptual Statistical Framework
by Michael Bordt, Julio Miguel Rosa and Johanne Boivin
Part 6. Looking Forward: What’s Next?
Chapter 15. Developing Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators: The 21st Century Challenges
by Christopher Freeman and Luc Soete
Chapter 16. Looking Ahead: What Implications for STI Indicator Development?
by Alessandra Colecchia
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Last updated: 25 September 2007