This paper reviews demand-side innovation policies, their rationales and importance across countries, different approaches to their design, the challenges entailed in their implementation and evaluation, and good practices. Three main forms of demand-side policy are considered: innovation-oriented public procurement, innovation-oriented regulations, and standards, with emphasis on innovation-oriented public procurement.
This publication addresses the role of national systems of IP in the socio-economic development of emerging countries, notably through their impact on innovation. It presents a framework that identifies the key mechanisms that enable IP systems to support emerging countries’ innovation and development objectives.
The Innovation Policy Platform (IPP) is a one-of-a-kind web-based interactive space that provides easy access to open data, learning resources and opportunities for collective learning on the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of locally appropriate innovation policies.
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In very simple terms, smart specialisation suggests that countries or regions should identify and select a limited number of priority areas for knowledge-based investments, focusing on strengths and comparative advantages. This report uses case studies to illustrate how smart specialisation can be used to design better public policies for boosting innovation-driven growth in OECD regions. It also examines governance and evaluation.
This page presents the OECD statistical work on human resources in science and technology, more specifically the OECD/UNESCO Institute for Statistics/Eurostat project on careers of doctorate holders.
Since 1962, the OECD Working Party of National Experts on Science and Technology Indicators (NESTI) has been responsible for developing and updating the Frascati Manual, the OECD guidelines for measuring R&D. This page provides some background and invites feedback in view of the Manual's next revision.
Interview with Andrew W. Wyckoff, OECD Director for Science, Technology and Industry on how to drive forward innovation and digital advancement.
In many OECD countries, investment in intangible assets is growing rapidly. In some cases this investment matches or exceeds investment in traditional capital such as machinery, equipment and buildings.
This paper proposes an exploratory characterisation of firms’ patenting behaviours across 15 countries. The stylised facts proposed are meant to serve as a basis for broader policy relevant analyses, and as a starting point for a more informed discussion on the role of country-specific framework conditions in explaining the observed differences in firm behaviours and outcomes.
Knowledge networks and markets comprise the wide array of mechanisms and institutions facilitating the creation, exchange, dissemination and utilisation of knowledge in its multiple forms. This report provides new evidence on the knowledge-sourcing strategies of firms and their role in shaping innovation activities, according to different characteristics, and their impact on performance.