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Young firms play a crucial role in job creation but have missed out on many of the benefits of structural reforms of the past decade in OECD countries.
The STI Scoreboard analyses the major trends in knowledge and innovation in today’s global economy. With over 250 indicators it presents a policy-oriented review of science, technology, innovation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD economies.
The OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (DSTI) manages databases of internationally comparable statistics. These statistics and indicators underpin policy-related analytical work, particularly with respect to links between technology, competitiveness and globalisation. DSTI also plays a leading role in the development of international statistical standards in the STI area.
Most OECD governments use tax incentives to encourage businesses to invest in research and development (R&D) to boost innovation and drive economic growth. Others, like China, India and South Africa, are doing the same. But reforming these incentives would give countries a better return on their investment and support young innovative firms that play a crucial role in job creation, according to a new OECD report.
The OECD has recommended its Member Countries apply existing international and national chemical regulatory frameworks to manage the risks associated with manufactured nanomaterials.
This book discusses scientific and technological tools at the centre of a renewed interest in marine biotechnology that is contributing to a new bioeconomy sector in many countries and offering potential new solutions to global challenges.
This report presents the findings of a research project to investigate the drivers and criteria shaping the application of genomic biotechnology to health in different national settings, and the barriers to implementation nationally and internationally. Findings are based on case studies on Finland, Israel, Luxembourg, Mexico, the United Kingdom, China and South Africa.
OECD countries must ensure mobile markets remain open and competitive in order to sustain innovation and meet rising demand for data services, according to a new OECD report.
The economic and social impact of chronic brain disorders such as Alzheimer’s and other neurodegenerative diseases will become the #1 public health problem worldwide by 2050, directly affecting 100 million people. Ongoing demographic trends, namely ageing populations, are leading to the unprecedented expansion of consumer demand for healthcare services, which will confront a serious crisis in a climate of shrinking resources.
This paper brings together information collected through Working Party on Nanotechnology discussions and projects. It relies in particular on preliminary results from a project on the responsible development of nanotechnology and outcomes of a symposium held in 2012.