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Synthetic biology is an emerging technology that shows promise for investigating some of the burning issues in biological research. It also has the potential to address some of the grand challenges facing society, such as climate change and energy security.
While the Korean innovation system is highly developed, it will need to address a number of economic and institutional challenges to sustain a steady flow of innovations and boost productivity. This review identifies a number of reforms.
Research & development tax incentives have become an important policy instrument in several OECD countries and partner economies to encourage firms to invest in R&D. This page provides an overview of the latest indicators on R&D tax incentives featured in the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013.
The OECD has played a key role in the development of international guidelines for surveys of business innovation and the design of indicators constructed with data from such surveys. In addition to developing methodological guidance, the OECD also carries out analytical studies using innovation-related indicators and microdata.
More than 35 million people worldwide had dementia in 2010 and this number is expected to exceed 115 million by 2050. This paper reports on the opportunities offered by the informatics revolution and big data to address Alzheimer’s Disease and dementia. This will require careful planning and multi-stakeholder collaboration as technical, administrative, regulatory, infrastructure and financial obstacles emerge.
This report presents new evidence on how governments steer and fund public research in higher education and public research institutions through research excellence initiatives (REIs). It provides information on how REIs work and institutions that host centres of excellence. The findings show some of the benefits to be gained through REIs and pitfalls to be avoided.
English, PDF, 566kb
This report presents findings from a pilot survey of business activity in nanotechnology and discusses methodological and practical issues (e.g. the use of definitions) for on-going consideration in work on statistics and indicators for nanotechnology. It identifies how work in this area may support the assessment of other emerging technologies via an integrated framework.
English, PDF, 1,103kb
This report presents findings and analyses regarding formal status, governance, establishment, funding, access and other issues. It is the result of a survey of existing infrastructures, followed by discussions among infrastructure practitioners: researchers, facility administrators, officials of ministries and funding agencies.
An ageing population brings new challenges both to healthcare systems and to medicine in terms of the increased manifestation of specific diseases primarily seen in the elderly. Biomedical innovation, and in particular research into "omics technologies", offers the promise of new means of detection, prevention and treatment of age-related disabilities and diseases.
OECD major events and activities relating to biotechnologies: latest developments are updated biannually in this Newsletter.