Latest Documents


  • 19-April-2018

    English

    Meeting Policy Challenges for a Sustainable Bioeconomy

    This publication investigates key aspects surrounding the sustainability of bioeconomy development: the use of biomass as feedstock for future production;  the design and building of biorefineries for the manufacture of a range of fuels, chemicals and materials, and also for electricity generation; and the use of biotechnologies such as synthetic biology, metabolic engineering and gene editing.Today more than 50 countries have a dedicated bioeconomy strategy or related policies. While the bioeconomy is consistent with sustainability policy (examples are the circular economy, the UN Sustainable Development Goals, green growth, re-industrialisation, rural regeneration, climate change mitigation), synergies must be ensured to avoid over-exploitation of natural resources and conflicting global needs.
  • 16-April-2018

    English

    Trend analysis of science, technology and innovation policies for biotechnology, nanotechnology and converging technologies (BNCTs)

    This paper aims to analyse policies pertaining to nanotechnology and biotechnology over time with regard to their directionality and technology specificity. The analysis provides some evidence that technology-push policies are favoured for young technology fields, while application-pull policies tend to be applied to more mature fields.

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  • 27-March-2018

    English

    Report on statistics and indicators of biotechnology and nanotechnology

    This paper provides a summary of trends and developments in biotechnology and nanotechnology over the last 20-25 years based on the longitudinal analyses of patents. It also introduces an experimental indicator which aims to visualise developments over time in each research area.

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  • 23-March-2018

    English

    Gene editing in an international context: Scientific, economic and social issues across sectors

    There is broad agreement that gene editing techniques go beyond incremental advances of past biotechnologies, but harnessing the potential will require meeting significant policy challenges in arenas of governance, ethics, and public engagement. This report summarises the discussions of a group of international experts and policymakers.

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  • 18-January-2018

    English

    Revised proposal for the revision of the statistical definitions of biotechnology and nanotechnology

    This document revises the OECD's statistical definition of biotechnology, which had last been reviewed in 2008, and proposes the adoption of a statistical definition of nanotechnology in the same format.

  • 30-November-2017

    English

    Neurotechnology and society: Strengthening responsible innovation in brain science

    This report identifies, and seeks to address, key challenges for the responsible development of neurotechnology. In particular, it analyses frameworks and mechanisms for integrating social concerns in the early development of technology, and discusses best practices for research funders across the public and private sector.

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  • 9-November-2017

    English

    Key nanotechnology indicators

    Indicators include nanotech firms, nanotech R&D, public sector R&D expenditure and nanotechnology patents.

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  • 9-November-2017

    English

    Key biotechnology indicators

    Statistics on biotechnology firms, biotechnology R&D (including public sector expenditures), biotech applications and patents.

  • 26-September-2017

    English

    Marine biotechnology: Definitions, infrastructures and directions for innovation

    Several countries have been setting up strategic roadmaps to support marine biotechnologies that could drive innovation and help address the global sustainability goals of food, energy, and health. This report identifies and begins to address challenges facing cooperation on marine biotechnology across countries.

  • 22-September-2017

    English

    The microbiome, diet and health: Towards a science and innovation agenda

    There is now strong evidence that microbiomes play an important role in human health, as there are clear linkages to many major non-communicable diseases. This report assesses the key policy challenges for innovation in the microbiome. It argues that if such a promising scientific field is to lead to innovative applications, policies on science and innovation must be improved in five areas.

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