Latest data on gross domestic spending on R&D, which is defined as the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D carried out by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc., in a country.
Today more than 50 countries have a dedicated bioeconomy strategy or related policies. While the bioeconomy is consistent with sustainability policy, synergies must be ensured to avoid overexploitation of natural resources and conflicting global needs.
All stages of the scientific process are being radically altered by digitalisation. This new world of open science and big data holds enormous promise but at the same time presents new challenges for policy makers, scientific institutions and individual researchers.
What sort of policy and institutional frameworks should guide AI design and use as autonomous and self-taught machines become part of our everyday lives?
Dementia is a devastating condition. The OECD looks at ways to harness information technologies and big data to improve the prevention and treatment of the disease, and examines the innovation model to mobilise the research and tools needed to address it.