The Russian Federation is one of the many non-member economies with which the OECD has working relationships in addition to its member countries. The OECD has been co-operating with the Russian Federation since 1992; in 1996, Russia made an official request for OECD membership. In 1997, OECD countries formally acknowledged that the accession of the Russian Federation as a full member of the OECD is a shared ultimate goal of their co-operation. The OECD Council at Ministerial level adopted a resolution on 16 May 2007 to open discussions with the Russian Federation for its membership of the Organisation. On 30 November 2007, the OECD Council approved the 'roadmap to accession' for the Russian Federation.
(From left to right): Hillary Clinton, United States Secretary of State, Angel Gurria, Secretary-General of the OECD and Andrey Ivanovich Denisov, First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation during Russia's signature of the OECD Anti-bribery Convention, 25 May 2011 at OECD headquarters.
The OECD’s co-operation programme with the Russian Federation is designed to help the Russian government address institutional and policy issues that are key to economic and social progress. OECD countries benefit from the OECD’s engagement in Russia via the insights acquired into Russia's policies and by providing a platform for policy dialogue with Russia.
How is the co-operation co-ordinated?
A Liaison Committee established by the OECD Council is the principal vehicle for high-level dialogue between the Russian Federation and OECD members. The accession process is co-ordinated by Deputy Secretary-General Richard A. Boucher. In Russia, co-operation with the OECD is co-ordinated by an Inter-Agency Commission chaired by the Prime Minister.
Areas of work
The OECD Russia programme covers an extensive range of market-reform activities. In addition to Economic Surveys, the OECD has undertaken reviews of Russia’s policies in the fields of regulatory reform, education, environment, investment, innovation, social policy, science and technology and corporate governance.
Russia’s participation in OECD general activities
The Russian Federation participates in several OECD committees and working groups. The Russian Federation also participates in meetings of the OECD Global Forums and in regional activities involving non-OECD countries in Europe. Russian Ministers also participate in Ministerial Council Meeting dialogue sessions with non-OECD economies.