In 2014, the Russian Federation’s net ODA amounted to USD 876 million, compared to USD 714 million in 2013, an increase of 39% in real terms. The ratio of ODA as a share of GNI rose from 0.03% to 0.05%. Preliminary data show that ODA reached USD 1.1 billion in 2015 (0.06% of GNI).
The increase in the Russian Federation’s ODA is mostly related to debt conversion operations[i] in Cuba, North Korea, Mozambique and Tanzania of a total of USD 240 million to implement long-term developmental projects in these countries. Russia’s ODA excluding debt relief reached USD 622 million in 2014 and included a contribution of USD 100 million to the Russian Kyrgyz Development Fund.
The Russian Federation’s development co-operation is provided in line with the Concept of Russia’s Participation in International Development Assistance, approved by the President of the Russian Federation in 2014. The concept sets out the objectives, principles and priorities of the Russian Federation’s development co-operation, as well as the criteria for providing assistance to partner countries. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Finance are jointly responsible for formulating the Russian Federation’s development co-operation policy and for supervising its implementation.
In 2014, the Russian Federation provided its bilateral development assistance mainly to the members of the Commonwealth of Independent States. The priority sectors of the Russian Federation’s bilateral development co-operation were health, public finance, food security, nutrition and education. The Russian Federation provides its bilateral development co‑operation in the form of technical assistance projects, capacity building and scholarships, as well as budget support and debt relief.
The Russian Federation’s multilateral ODA accounted for 25% its total ODA, provided through the World Bank Group (accounting for 43% of its multilateral ODA in 2014), as well as through the United Nations (40%), regional development banks (2%) and other multilateral organisations.
The Russian Federation is an OECD accession country.
[i] The OECD published estimates on credits by the Soviet Union in DAC Chairman’s reports in the 1980s. Some of the debt relief reported by Russia from 2014 onwards may correspond to the credits included in these estimates. Therefore, the statistics currently published on ODA by Russia and the estimates from the previous Chairman’s reports should not be used at the same time.