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English, , 277kb
One of the major challenges faced by transitional economies has been to adjust institutions that were designed to function in a planning environment to function in an increasingly market-oriented environment. One of the most important of these institutional reforms has been the restructuring of the budget system. The latter should be interpreted quite widely to encompass the institutional framework as well as the administrative
Despite progress in recent years, there is growing evidence that OECD countries are not on track to reach some of their key environmental goals. This report examines the strategies and instruments that governments use to ensure compliance with pollution prevention and control regulations.
Country Notes from OECD Economic Policy Reforms: Going for growth 2011 presenting OECD recommendations for structural reform priorities for individual countries.
Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa (the BRIICS economies) have increased their share of world trade. To build on this progress, these countries should resist protectionism and revive stalled trade reforms, says this OECD study on globalisation.
In Brazil, Chile, China, India, Russia, South Africa and Ukraine, agriculture continues to play a vital role in employment and food security. This report monitors and evaluates government support to agriculture in these seven emerging economies during 2006-08.
In 2007, Russia’s international investment flows reached record highs, making Russia one of the world’s largest recipients and sources of FDI. Russia's potential for attracting even more international investment can be improved by strengthening beneficial competition and offering additional opportunities for investment. Disseminating international standard business practices among Russian firms can also boost the country's
This is the Japanese version of Regulatory Reform in Russia and covers the overall economic context, the government’s capacity to manage regulatory reform, competition policy and enforcement, and market openness. It also examines the electricity and railroad sectors.
English, , 1,076kb
The Russian system of education has been developing as the result of social, cultural, and economic changes of the early 90-s. But at present we can see that the significance of the particular factors of transformation that is specific to Russia is declining as tendencies common to the majority of modern countries are coming to the forefront. While choosing strategic parameters for the development of the educational system it is
This report draws on three detailed case studies in Eastern Europe, the Caucases and Central Asia (EECCA), and on the experience of OECD countries to provide guidance on how transfers from central budgets to local authorities could be designed to finance environmental infrastructures in transition economies.
Ideally, the costs of water supply and sanitation should be covered by user charges. However, the high investment costs and
Russian, , 630kb