This report aims to help Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) environmental administrations to harness the potential benefits of on-going public finance reforms in the region.
These country notes contain over 50 indicators which compare the political and institutional frameworks of national governments as well as revenues and expenditures, employment, and compensation. They include a description of government policies on integrity, e-government and open government.
The OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Russian Federation offers a comprehensive assessement of the innovation system of the Russian Federation, focusing on the role of government. It provides concrete recommendations on how to improve policies that affect innovation performance, including R&D policies. It also identifies good practice from which other countries can learn.
Russia should increase protection of intellectual property, strengthen competition and invest more in research and development to boost innovation and entrepreneurship across its economy, according to a new OECD report.
During his official visit, Angel Gurría met with the President of the Russian Federation and other government officials to discuss Russia's ongoing negotiations to join the OECD.
Angel Gurría declared that "building on the trust we have established over the years, Russia is advancing on the accession track to become a member of the OECD. The accession process can be seen as a joint initiative to support Russia’s objective of modernising its economy."
Two workshop were held in Moscow on the topic of regulatory impact assessment in Russia, enabling an exposure to different approaches used in some leading OECD countries.
Новостная рассылка ОЭСР – OECD Newsletter in Russian
Является одной из крупнейших мировых электронных библиотек в сфере экономики, экологии, социальной политики. Она предлагает доступ к публикациям Организации экономического сотрудничества и развития (ОЭСР) с 1998 года. Ежегодно фонд библиотеки пополняется более чем на 300 новых изданий, 30 баз данных и электронных журналов.
Export restrictions on raw materials are applied to achieve a number of policy objectives. However, they can have a significant and negative impact on the efficient allocation of resources, international trade, and the competitiveness and development of industries in both exporting and importing countries.
By diverting exports to domestic markets, export restrictions raise prices for foreign consumers and importers. At the same time, by reducing domestic prices in the applying countries and increasing global uncertainty concerning future prices, export restrictions negatively affect investment, thus potentially reducing the overall supply of raw materials in the long term. In view of existing alternative policy tools that have a different impact on trade, the effectiveness of export restrictions to achieve stated policy objectives should be carefully reviewed.
This publication presents a selection of papers discussed at the OECD Workshop on Raw Materials, held in Paris in October 2009. This workshop was organised in response to the growing concern on the use of export restrictions on raw materials, particularly by emerging economies.