Reducing the role of the state in the economy and WTO membership should be viewed as opportunities to strengthen competition, and hence provide incentives for productivity improvements, which are urgently required to ensure stronger growth in Russia because of a shrinking labour force.
The labour market in Russia is very flexible. This results in a high and stable overall employment rate, but also high wage inequality, informality and labour turnover, which limits incentives for firms to invest in human capital and productivity improvements.
English, PDF, 95kb
This country note from Going for Growth 2015 for the Russian Federation identifies and assesses progress made on key reforms to boost long-term growth, improve competitiveness and productivity and create jobs.
Migration inflows to the Russian Federation continued to rise in 2012-13.
Russian, PDF, 873kb
Education at a Glance 2014: Russian Federation (Russian)
English, PDF, 496kb
Russia continues to rank first in tertiary attainment, but this is not reflected in the level of literacy skills among the population.
English, PDF, 691kb
The ability to measure innovation is essential to an improvement strategy in education. This country note analyses how the practices are changing within classrooms and educational organisations and how teachers develop and use their pedagogical resources.