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Credit ratings provide an opinion on the relative ability and willingness of parties with debt obligations to meet financial commitments. They have three functions: to measure the credit risk of the issuer, to provide a means of comparison and to provide a common standard. The credit rating market is a natural oligopoly, with three Credit Rating Agencies (CRAs) accounting for more than 90% of the market. The recent financial crisis
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Practices that may harm competition in the pharmaceutical sector have emerged as important and controversial issues in recent years. This proceedings examine the nature of competition between generic and branded products in the pharmaceutical sector, as well as the effects on competition of agreements to delay the entry of generics on the market. It includes an analytical note by the staff of the United States Federal Trade
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Is financial stability enhanced or weakened by competition? This proceedings addresses the link between concentration and competition in the financial sector. It includes reports from Australia, Bulgaria, Chile, Egypt, the European Commission, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands, the Russian Federation, South Africa, Switzerland, Chinese Taipei, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United
Read about OECD efforts to help governments improve the domestic and global policies that affect business and markets in the wake of the global economic crisis.
The journal is a unique resource for competition experts. It provides insight into the thinking of competition law enforcers while focusing on the pratical application of competition law and policy.
This report reviews Brazil's competition policy system and highlights what more could be done to implement the structural changes envisaged in the proposed revisions to Brazil’s competition law.
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This review assesses how the country deals with competition and regulatory issues, from the soundness of its competition law to the structure and effectiveness of its competition institutions.
Opening the 9th Global Forum on Competition, Mr. Gurría talks about the concerted global effort needed to promote competitive markets which will support the recovery from the crisis.
Taking place in Paris on 18-19 February 2010, the 9th OECD Global Forum on Competition will focus on state aids and subsidies and collusion and corruption in public procurement. Participants will also discuss a peer review of Brazil's competition law and policy.
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This report describes why occupational pensions play a major role in OECD countries and worldwide, complementing retirement income from state sources. Their financial importance is highlighted by the volume of assets they manage on behalf of plan members, USD 22 trillion at the end of 2008. Population ageing has also led many OECD countries to undertake a wide range of pension reforms – the overall effect of which has been to reduce