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In the 2000s, Turkey has enjoyed rapid catching–up. This was possible despite the adverse business environment, as the semi–formal and informal economy had a significant contribution to the expansion of the private sector.
- Economic Survey of Turkey 2010
This paper provides a broad overview of policy goals and instruments and commonly used performance and policy indicators related to land transport.
Indonesia’s infrastructure is in poor shape, having suffered from protracted under-investment since the Asian financial crisis of the late 1990s, and constraints growth potential.
- Economic Survey of Indonesia 2010
In this paper the recently updated product market regulation (PMR) indicators are extended beyond OECD member countries - including accession and enhanced engagement countries.
How can governments reap the potential benefits of public-private partnerships (PPPs) in the provision of infrastructure?
Based on an endogenous growth model, we show that intermediate goods markets imperfections can curb incentives to improve productivity downstream.
Trade fell significantly in the aftermath of the financial crisis, even more than the large drop in global production levels. This paper examines to what extent short-term trade finance may have impacted trade levels before and after the crisis hit.
Productivity growth has declined since the late 1990s, slowing the catching-up process. Structural reforms to strengthen competition, entrepreneurship and innovation would go a long way toward enhancing it.
- Economic Survey of Chile 2010
Product market regulation on average is Slovenia does not appear particularly stringent, but heavy state involvement and high market concentration in several industries call for the gauging of competitive pressures in Slovenian industries.
- Economic Survey of Slovenia 2009
This Working Paper presents preliminary analytical estimates using the 1998 and 2005 surveys of indicators of systems for the management of regulatory quality. Two broad dimensions are found in regulatory management systems using Factor Analysis, and Principal Component Analysis.