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The US Regulatory Impact Analysis Program as it operates today was established essentially in its present form by President Reagan 20 years ago, less than a month after he took office.
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It is vital for South East European countries to manage and track their progress in reform against a coherent set of benchmarks and the Monitoring Instruments serve that purpose.
This review on Ireland presents an integrated assessment of regulatory reform in framework areas such as the quality of the public sector, competition policy and enforcement, and market openness with recommendations for regulatory reform.
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Competition policy is central to regulatory reform. Its principles and analysis provide a benchmark for assessing the quality of economic and social regulations. It motivates the application of laws that protect competition, which must be applied vigorously as regulatory reform stimulates structural change so that private market abuses do not reverse the benefits of reform.
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This paper analyses the use of economic instruments for control of water pollution in four OECD countries -- Denmark, France, Germany and the Netherlands -- from 1970-1990.
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In recent years, governments have increased their efforts to examine how they can acieve policy objectives more cost-effectively through better regulation or different mixes of policy tools.
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Chapter 4 of the OECD Economic Outlook No. 67. This chapter summarises the main lessons to be drawn from recent experience building on a substantial body of analytical work.
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Ten years after Hungary made the formal change from a centrally planned economy to a market system, the competition issues that appear in Hungary’s markets are comparable to those in other OECD countries in Europe. The general competition law is already 15 years old. It has been revised twice, most recently in order to mirror EU standards more closely.
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Is competition policy sufficiently integrated into the general policy framework for regulation? Competition policy is central to regulatory reform, because (as background report to Chapter 2 shows) its principles and analysis provide a benchmark for assessing the quality of economic and social regulations, as well as motivate the application of the laws that protect competition.
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Competition policy and enforcement have promoted two fundamental aspects of reform in Korea: increased reliance on markets rather than central government direction to drive growth and increased openness and transparency of public institutions and major private enterprises. Korea’s independent competition agency, the Korea Fair Trade Commission (KFTC), plays a central role in major reform efforts, and it has stepped up its enforcement