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The modern public governance led a number of OECD countries to establish independent bodies or agencies with a differentiated governance structure, in order to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of government entities with specialised funct...
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The reduction of barriers to trade and investment internationally has enabled Norway to take advantage of the expanding global market. At the same time a gradually more open market in Norway has provided benefits to consumers and contributed to e...
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OECD Economic Outlook No. 73, Chapter 4. Confidence is slowly returning to the telecommunications sector after the "boom and bust" years of the 1990s.
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The telecommunications industry has undergone significant regulatory reform over the last decade. By the beginning of 2001, 27 OECD Member countries have liberalised their telecommunications market, including voice telephony, infrastructure inves...
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Italy is profoundly changing the role of the public sector in the ?productive sphere.? Until the 1990s, the State was directly involved in production. Public utilities were organised in a monopolistic way, and the State granted concessions and su...
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As trade barriers to trade have fallen, the impact of domestic regulations on international trade and investment has become more apparent than ever. While regulations aim at reaching arguable objectives such as health, safety or the environment, ...
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The stereotypic reputation of the Italian state as a burdensome and inefficient bureaucracy was, for much of the post-war period, not entirely undeserved. The growth of the Italian state and its steadily increasing intervention into economic acti...
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Ireland?s stellar growth performance in recent years reflects an array of policy reforms and in particular Ireland?s commitments in the context of ongoing integration within the European Union, through the Single European Market Programme and the...
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Can the national administration ensure that social and economic regulations are based on core principles of good regulation? Regulatory reform requires clear policies and the administrative machinery to carry them out, backed up by concrete polit...
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The Irish electricity and gas sectors are dominated by two vertically integrated state-owned entities, the Electricity Supply Board (ESB) and Bord Gáis, respectively. Electricity and gas demand are growing rapidly, reflecting GDP growth.