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The accession of Spain to the European Communities (now the European Union) in 1986, the transposition of EU Single Market Directives and its recent qualification for the European Monetary Union have fundamentally changed the Spanish trade and in...
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Although the electricity sector accounts for less than one per cent of employment and two per cent of Dutch GDP, the sector is strategically important as a key input to other sectors of the Dutch economy. Liberalising the electricity market could...
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The telecommunications industry has undergone significant regulatory reform over the last decade. By December 1998, 23 of the OECD countries had unrestricted market access to all forms of telecommunications market, including voice telephony, infr...
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Is competition policy sufficiently integrated into the general policy framework for regulation? Competition policy is central to regulatory reform, because its principles and analysis provide a benchmark for assessing the quality of economic and ...
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Does the national regulatory system allow enterprises to take full advantage of competitive global markets? Reducing regulatory barriers to trade and investment enables countries in an expanding global economy to benefit more fully from comparati...
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In the past ten years, the regulatory regime in the Mexican telecommunications sector has undergone significant reform as part of a broad-based effort designed to move away from protection and central control toward a market-based economy.
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Can the national administration ensure that social and economic regulations are based on core principles of good regulation? Regulatory reform requires clear policies and the administrative machinery to carry them out, backed up by concrete polit...
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Does the national regulatory system allow foreign enterprises to take full advantage of competitive global markets? Reducing regulatory barriers to trade and investment enables countries in an expanding global economy to benefit more fully from c...
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Government concerns about high electricity prices, the highest in the OECD, have led to reforms of the sector of which the introduction of competition is seen as a key measure.
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Japan is one of the few countries to have introduced competition in the 1980s, along with the United States and the United Kingdom. Since market liberalisation began in 1985, Japan has introduced many liberalisation measures to encourage fair com...