High expectations surrounded the two waves of eastward EU enlargement in 2004 and 2007, with the extension of the EU Internal Market being expected to deliver a substantial boost to economic growth in new and old member States alike.
This book provides answers to these questions, and more, based on a survey of governments in 25 countries, 14 in-depth country case studies and 18 opinion pieces from leading civil society and government practitioners.
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The OECD has been developing a response to the crisis that is holistic, looking atfinancial market issues, and the wide variety of factors that led to damaging incentive structures, as well as the requirements for broader macro and fiscal policies. The crisis has led to a variety of emergency financial measures such as loans, guarantees, and nationalisations. For financial markets, the focus is on exit strategies that are consistent
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The financial crisis that started in the summer of 2007 is shaking the world’s economic system. It started in the financial sector, but is now having an important impact on the real economy. This paper discusses the role of competition policy in times of systemic financial crises, focusing mainly on the financial sector but also looks at the applicability of competition policy to the real sector.
This paper finds that coherent regulatory policies can boost investment in network industries of OECD economies.
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This is the executive summary and Chapter 1 of the report: Regulatory Reform in China: Defining the Boundary between the Market and the State, release 7 May 2009.
This review on China takes into account the specific reform needs and challenges in China while retaining the benefits of comparing and illustrating Chinese reform challenges with OECD practices. The report focuses on the overall economic context for regulatory reform, the government’s capacity to manage regulatory reform, competition policy and enforcement, and market openness. It also examines the regulatory framework in the
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This is the translation into Chinese of the executive summary and Chapter 1 of the OECD Review on Regulatory Reform in China: Defining the Boundary between the Market and the State, released in English on 7 May 2009.
Investment in network infrastructure – the energy, water, transport and telecommunication networks –which performs a vital role for the functioning of the economy, can contribute to raising growth and social welfare. But more is not always better.
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This report updates and extends the earlier work of the OECD on alternatives to traditional regulation, drawing on the experiences of individual countries in using alternative approaches. It also provides a framework to assist policy makers in selecting those instruments that are particularly applicable in different circumstances, facilitating the desire of many countries to reduce red tape and the burdens imposed on agents by